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ę Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Carphophis
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Carphophis

North American Worm Snakes

Nordamerikanische Wurmnattern

Nordamerikanske Ormesnoge

1843 Carphophis Gervais (type species: Coluber amoenus Say 1825)
1843 Carphophiops Gervais in d'Orbigny (type species: Carphophiops vermiformis Gervais in D'Orbigny 1843)
1853 Celuta Baird in Baird & Girard (type species: Coluber amoenus Say 1825)
Contents: 2 species, both of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York [incl. Long Island], North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia, Wisconsin).

Carphophis amoenus

Eastern Worm Snake

Ístliche Wurmnatter

ěstlig Ormesnog

1825 Coluber amoenus Say
Carphophis amoenus Gervais 1843
1843 Carphophiops vermiformis Gervais in D'Orbigny (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)
1859 Celuta helenae Kennicott
Carphophis amoena helenae Blanchard 1924

Other common names:
amoenus: Common Eastern Worm Snake
helenae: Midwestern Worm Snake
Remarks: Previously included vermis.
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York [incl. Long Island], North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia).


Carphophis vermis

Western Worm Snake

Westliche Wurmnatter

Vestlig Ormesnog

1859 Celuta vermis Kennicott
Carphophis amoena vermis Blanchard 1924
Carphophis vermis Collins 1991

Remarks: Clark (1968) and Collins (1991) suggested recognition of vermis as a separate species, which seems to have been followed by most authors (e.g., Conant & Collins 1998; Dixon 2000; Trauth, Robison & Plummer 2004; Daniel & Edmond 2006; Ballinger, Lynch & Smith 2010).
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, Wisconsin).