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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Chelidae
Bibliography of the genus Chelodina
Biodiversity of the family Chelidae


Indo-Australian Snake-necked or Long-necked Turtles

Australische Schlangenhalsschildkröten

Indo-Australske Slangehalsskildpadder

1826 Chelodina Fitzinger (type species: Testudo longicollis Shaw 1802)
Chelyodina Agassiz 1846 [substitute name for Chelodina Fitzinger 1826]
1828 Hydraspis Bell (type species: Testudo longicollis Shaw 1802; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1985 Hesperochelodina Wells & Wellington [nomen nudum] (syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1985 Macrochelodina Wells & Wellington (type species: Chelodina rugosa Ogilby 1890; syn. Georges & Thompson 2010)
2007 Macrodiremys McCord & Joseph-Ouni (type species: Chelodina oblonga Gray 1841; syn. Georges & Thompson 2010)
2020 Chelydera Shea, Thomson & Georges (type species: Chelodina parkeri Rhodin & Mittermeier 1976; syn. Shea, Thomson & Georges 2020)

Contents: 17 species, of which 15 (88.2%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Other standard names:
Long-necked Turtles (Chelodina)
Snake-necked Turtles (Macrochelodina)
Distribution: Australia, E. Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands], South Australia [incl. Kangaroo Island], Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia), East Timor, Indonesia (Rote, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina burrungandjii

Arnhem Land Snake-necked Turtle, Sandstone Long-necked Turtle, Burrungandji Snake-necked Turtle



2000 Chelodina burrungandjii Thomson, Kennett & Georges
Macrochelodina burrungandjii Artner 2003

Remarks: Previously included walloyarrina.
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory).

Chelodina canni

Malogie Snake-necked Turtle, (Cann's Snake-necked Turtle)



2002 Chelodina canni McCord & Thomson
Chelodina novaeguineae canni Artner 2008

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland).

Chelodina expansa

Broad-shelled Snake-necked Turtle, Broad-shelled River Turtle, Broad-shelled Turtle, Giant Snake-necked Turtle


Bredskjoldet Slangehalsskildpadde

1857 Chelodina expansa Gray
Chelodina oblonga expansa Blackmore 1969
Macrochelodina expansa Wells & Wellington 1985

Remarks: Georges & Thompson (2010) only includes Queensland in the distribution of this species.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia, Victoria).

Chelodina expansa
© Rune Midtgaard

Chelodina gunaleni

Mimika Snake-necked Turtle, (Gunalen's Snake-necked Turtle)



2007 Chelodina gunaleni McCord & Joseph-Ouni

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of novaeguineae (e.g., Georges & Thompson 2010).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).

Chelodina ipudinapi

Aramia Snake-necked Turtle



2022 Chelodina ipudinapi Joseph-Ouni & McCord

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina kuchlingi

Parry Creek Snake-necked Turtle, Kalumburu Snake-necked Turtle, (Kuchling's Snake-necked Turtle)

Parry-Creek-Schlangenhalsschildkröte, Kalumburu-Schlangenhalsschildkröte

Parry Creek-slangehalsskildpadde, Kalumburu-slangehalsskildpadde

1997 Chelodina kuchlingi Cann
Macrochelodina kuchlingi Artner 2003

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of oblonga (e.g., Georges & Thompson 2010; Ellis & Georges 2015).
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).

Chelodina kurrichalpongo

Darwin Snake-necked Turtle



2019 Macrochelodina kurrichalpongo Joseph-Ouni, McCord, Cann & Smales

Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory).

Chelodina longicollis

Eastern Snake-necked Turtle, Common Snake-necked Turtle


Østlig Slangehalsskildpadde, Australsk Slangehalsskildpadde

1802 Testudo longicollis Shaw
Emys longicollis Schweigger 1812
Chelodina longicollis Fitzinger 1826
Hydraspis longicollis Bell 1828
Chelys longicollis Gray in Griffith 1831
Chelydura longicollis Oudemans in Semon 1894
1835 Chelodina novae-hollandiae Duméril & Bibron (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1856 Chelodina sulcata Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1856 Chelodina sulcifera Gray [lapsus for Chelodina sulcata Gray 1856] (Goode 1967; Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelodina longicollis sulcifera Mertens 1972

Introduced to: Australia (Tasmania: Bass Strait Islands), Cook Islands (Rarotonga).
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island], South Australia [incl. Kangaroo Island], Tasmania, Victoria).

Chelodina longicollis
© Rune Midtgaard

Chelodina mccordi

Rote Island Snake-necked Turtle, (McCord's Snake-necked Turtle)



1994 Chelodina mccordi Rhodin
2007 Chelodina mccordi roteensis McCord & Joseph-Ouni
2007 Chelodina timorensis McCord, Joseph-Ouni & Hagen (Georges & Thompson 2010)
Chelodina mccordi timorensis Georges & Thompson 2010
2007 Chelodina mccordi timorlestensis Kuchling, Rhodin, Ibarrondo & Trainor

Other common names:
mccordi: Western Rote Island Snake-necked Turtle
roteensis: Eastern Rote Island Snake-necked Turtle
timorensis: Timor Snake-necked Turtle
Remarks: This species was previously regarded as a population of novaeguineae.
Distribution: East Timor, Indonesia (Rote).

Chelodina mccordi
© Rune Midtgaard

Chelodina novaeguineae

Papuan Snake-necked Turtle


Papuansk Slangehalsskildpadde

1888 Chelodina novae-guineae Boulenger

Remarks: Previously included gunaleni. Australian records refer to canni (McCord & Thomson 2002). Records from Rote (Indonesia) (e.g., Rooij 1915; Iverson 1992), refer to mccordi. Some authors regard reimanni as a synonym or subspecies of novaeguineae.
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina oblonga

Southwestern Snake-necked Turtle, Narrow-breasted Snake-necked Turtle, (Oblong Snake-necked Turtle, Oblong Turtle, Collie's Snake-necked Turtle)

Südwestaustralische Schlangenhalsschildkröte

Sydvestaustralsk Slangehalsskildpadde

1841 Chelodina oblonga Gray in Grey
Macrochelodina oblonga Wells & Wellington 1985
Macrodiremys oblonga McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2007
1856 Chelodina colliei Gray (syn. Boulenger 1889; Shea, Thomson & Georges 2020)

Remarks: Previously referred to as colliei (e.g., Cogger 2014; Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017). Synonymy follows Shea, Thomson & Georges (2020).
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).

Chelodina oblonga
© Rune Midtgaard

Chelodina parkeri

Mawa Snake-necked Turtle, (Parker's Snake-necked Turtle)



1976 Chelodina parkeri Rhodin & Mittermeier
Macrochelodina parkeri Iverson, Thomson & Georges 2001

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina parkeri
© Rune Midtgaard

Chelodina pritchardi

Kemp Welch River Snake-necked Turtle

Kemp Welch-Schlangenhalsschildkröte

Kemp Welch-slangehalsskildpadde

1994 Chelodina pritchardi Rhodin

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina reimanni

Merauke Snake-necked Turtle, (Reimann's Snake-necked Turtle)



1990 Chelodina reimanni Philippen & Grossman
Chelodina novaeguineae reimanni Artner 2003

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym or subspecies of novaeguineae by some authors (e.g., Artner 2003; Böhme 2010), but as a valid species by others (e.g., Thomson, Amepou, Anamiato & Georges 2015).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina rugosa

Northern Australian Snake-necked Turtle

Nordaustralische Schlangenhalsschildkröte

Nordaustralsk Slangehalsskildpadde

1890 Chelodina rugosa Ogilby
Chelodina oblonga rugosa Blackmore 1969
Macrochelodina rugosa Wells & Wellington 1985
1901 Chelodina siebenrocki Werner (Georges, Adams & McCord 2002; Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelodina oblonga siebenrocki Blackmore 1969
Macrochelodina siebenrocki Wells & Wellington 1985
Macrochelodina rugosa siebenrocki McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2007
1915 Chelodina intergularis Fry (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1985 Macrochelodina billabong Wells & Wellington (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Chelodina billabong Iverson, Thomson & Georges 2001

Other common names:
siebenrocki: Torres Straits Snake-necked Turtle, Siebenrock's Snake-necked Turtle
Remarks: Previously referred to as oblonga (e.g., Cogger 2014; Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017). Synonymy follows Shea, Thomson & Georges (2020). Previously included kuchlingi.
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands], Western Australia), Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Chelodina steindachneri

Plate-shelled Turtle, Plated Snake-necked Turtle, Flat-shelled Snake-necked Turtle, Flat-shelled Turtle, (Steindachner's Snake-necked Turtle)



1914 Chelodina steindachneri Siebenrock
Hesperochelodina steindachneri Wells & Wellington 1985
1923 Chelodina millymillyensis Glauert (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Distribution: Australia (Western Australia).

Chelodina walloyarrina

Kimberley Snake-necked Turtle



2007 Macrochelodina walloyarrina McCord & Joseph-Ouni
Chelodina walloyarrina Dijk, Iverson, Shaffer, Bour & Rhodin 2012

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of rugosa or, more recently, of burrungandji (e.g., Georges & Thompson 2010; Ellis & Georges 2015; Shea, Thomson & Georges 2020). Considered a valid species by Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk (2017).
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia).