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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Elapsoidea
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]


African Garter Snakes

Afrikanische Strumpfbandottern

Afrikanske Båndgiftsnoge

1866 Elapsoidea Bocage (type species: Elapsoidea güntherii Bocage 1866)
Contents: 10 species, of which 2 (20.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously believed to contain a single species, sundevalli, with several subspecies, which are now regarded as separate species. The standard name Burrowing Cobra (used for at least sundevallii) should be avoided to prevent confusion with Naja multifasciata.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Elapsoidea boulengeri

Zambezi Garter Snake, (Boulenger's Garter Snake)

Boulengers Strumpfbandotter


1895 Elapsoidea Boulengeri Boettger
Elapechis boulengeri Boulenger 1896
Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri Broadley 1971

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Broadley (1998).
Distribution: Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Elapsoidea broadleyi

Jilib Garter Snake, (Broadley's Garter Snake)

Broadleys Strumpfbandotter


1997 Elapsoidea broadleyi Jakobsen

Distribution: Somalia.

Elapsoidea chelazziorum

Southern Somali Garter Snake

Südsomalische Strumpfbandotter

Sydsomalisk Båndgiftsnog

1979 Elapsoidea chelazzii Lanza [nomen incorrigendum]
Elapsoidea chelazziorum Lanza 1990 [nomen corrigendum]

Distribution: Somalia.

Elapsoidea guentherii

Western Garter Snake, Uganda Garter Snake, (Günther's Garter Snake)

Günthers Strumpfbandotter

Vestlig Båndgiftsnog

1866 Elapsoidea güntherii Bocage
Elapechis guentheri Boulenger 1896
Elapsoidea sundevallii güntherii Loveridge 1944
1887 Elapsoidea hessei Boettger (Golay & al. 1993)
Elapechis hessii Boulenger 1896
1960 Elapsoidea decosteri scalaris Laurent (Jakobsen 1997)
Elapsoidea loveridgei scalaris Broadley 1971

Remarks: Presence in Mozambique needs confirmation (David & Ineich 1999), although reported from the country by Spawls & Branch (1995).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Elapsoidea laticincta

Sudanese Garter Snake, Central African Garter Snake, (Werner's Garter Snake)

Zentralafrikanische Strumpfbandotter

Sudanesisk Båndgiftsnog

1919 Elapechis laticinctus Werner
Elapsoidea laticincta Laurent 1956

Distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda.

Elapsoidea loveridgei

Northeastern Garter Snake, East African Garter Snake

Ostafrikanische Strumpfbandotter

Nordøstlig Båndgiftsnog

1949 Elapsoidea sundevallii loveridgei Parker
Elapsoidea loveridgei Broadley 1971
1956 Elapsoidea decosteri colleti Laurent
Elapsoidea loveridgei colleti Broadley 1971
1956 Elapsoidea decosteri multicincta Laurent
Elapsoidea loveridgei multicincta Broadley 1971

Other common names:
colletti: Collett's Garter Snake
loveridgei: Loveridge's Garter Snake
multicincta: Many-banded Garter Snake, Uganda Garter Snake
Remarks: Previously included the subspecies scalaris, now regarded as a synonym of guentheri.
Distribution: Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

Elapsoidea nigra

Usambara Garter Snake, Eastern Garter Snake



1888 Elapsoidea nigra Günther
Elapsoidea sundevallii nigra Loveridge 1944

Distribution: Tanzania.

Elapsoidea semiannulata

Half-banded Garter Snake, Angolan Garter Snake, Common African Garter Snake

Halbgebänderte Strumpfbandotter

Halvbåndet Båndgiftsnog

1882 Elapsoidea semi-annulata Bocage
Elapsoidea sundevallii semiannulata Loveridge 1944
1897 Elapechis moebiusi Werner
Elapsoidea decosteri moebiusi Laurent 1956
Elapsoidea semiannulata moebiusi Broadley 1971
1964 Elapsoidea decosteri huilensis Laurent (Golay & al. 1993)

Other common names:
moebiusi: West African Garter Snake, Moebius' Ground Cobra
semiannulata: Angolan Garter Snake
Remarks: Previously included boulengeri. Angel's (1933) record from Mauritania of E. sundevalli guntherii refer to this species (Padial 2006).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.

Elapsoidea sundevallii

Southern African Garter Snake, Kalahari Garter Snake, (Sundevall's Garter Snake)

Südafrikanische Strumpfbandotter

Sydafrikansk Båndgiftsnog

1849 Elaps sunderwallii [sic] Smith
Elapsoidea sundevallii Peters 1880
Elapechis sundevallii Boulenger 1896
1888 Elapsoidea decosteri Boulenger
Elapechis decosteri Boulenger 1896
Elapsoidea sundevallii decosteri Loveridge 1944
1944 Elapsoidea sundevallii fitzsimonsi Loveridge
1971 Elapsoidea sundevallii longicauda Broadley
1971 Elapsoidea sundevallii media Broadley

Other common names:
decosteri: Mozambique Garter Snake, Southeastern Garter Snake
fitzsimonsi: Kalahari Garter Snake
longicauda: Long-tailed Garter Snake
media: Highveld Garter Snake
sundevallii: Natal Garter Snake
Remarks: According to David & Ineich (1999) and David & Vogel (2010), the correct spelling of the specific epithet is sunderwallii.
Distribution: Botswana, Eswatini, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Zimbabwe.

Elapsoidea trapei

Senegal Garter Snake, (Trape's Garter Snake)


Senegalesisk Båndgiftsnog

1999 Elapsoidea trapei Mane

Distribution: Guinea, Mauritania, Senegal.