Reptiles of
Sicily  [Italy]

Related checklists:  Italy

Bibliography of the reptiles of Sicily Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Sicily Introduced species
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© Rune Midtgaard


Reptile biodiversity of
Sicily

excl. introduced, extinct, unconfirmed, and unnamed species
See complete statistics for
families and genera

Families

Endemic
families

Endemism
(families)

Genera

Endemic
genera

Endemism
(genera)

Species

Endemic
species

Endemism
(species)

Species in %
of total
Lizards (Sauria) 4 0 0.0 % 5 0 0.0 % 7 1 14.3 % 35.0 %
Snakes (Serpentes) 3 0 0.0 % 6 0 0.0 % 8 0 0.0 % 40.0 %
Turtles (Testudines) 4 0 0.0 % 5 0 0.0 % 5 1 20.0 % 25.0 %
Total 11 0 0.0 % 16 0 0.0 % 20 2 10.0 % 100.0 %

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Gekkonidae (Typical Geckos)
Genus Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos)
 
Hemidactylus turcicus

Turkish Half-toed Gecko

Salvador in Böhme 1981
 Family Lacertidae (Typical Lizards)
Genus Lacerta (Eurasian Green Lizards)
 
Lacerta bilineata

Western Green Lizard

Amann, Rykena, Joger, Nettmann & Veith 1997 Marzahn, Mayer, Joger, Ilgaz, Jablonski, Kindler, Kumlutas, Nistri, Schneewiess, Vamberger, Zagar & Fritz 2015 Nettmann & Rykena 1984 [as viridis] Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
Genus Podarcis (Wall Lizards)
 
Podarcis siculus

Italian Wall Lizard

Henle & Klaver in Böhme (ed.) 1986 Podnar, Mayer & Tvrtkovic 2005 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
  *
Podarcis waglerianus

Sicilian Wall Lizard

Böhme 1986 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
 Family Phyllodactylidae (Leaf-toed Geckos)
Genus Tarentola (Wall Geckos)
 
Tarentola mauritanica

Moorish Wall Gecko

Rieppel in Böhme 1981
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Chalcides (Cylindrical Skinks)
 
Chalcides chalcides

Italian Three-toed Cylindrical Skink

Caputo, Lanza & Palmieri 1995 Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
 
Chalcides ocellatus

Mediterranean Ocellated Skink

Schneider in Böhme 1981 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Eryx (Sand Boas)
 
Eryx jaculus

Western Sand Boa

Insacco, Spadola, Russotto & Scaravelli 2015
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Coronella (Palearctic Smooth Snakes)
 
Coronella austriaca

Northern Smooth Snake

Engelmann in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini [eds.] 2006
 
Coronella girondica

Southern Smooth Snake

Dusej in Böhme (ed.) 1993
Genus Hierophis (Eurasian Whip Snakes)
 
Hierophis carbonarius

European Black Whip Snake

Heimes in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini [eds.] 2006 [as viridiflavus] Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013
Genus Natrix (Eurasian Keelbacks)
 
Natrix helvetica

Barred Grass Snake

Arnold & Ovenden 2002 Gruber 1989 Kabisch in Böhme (ed.) 1999 Kindler, Böhme, Corti, Gvozdik, Jablonski, Jandzik, Metallinou, Siroký & Fritz 2013 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013
Genus Zamenis (Western Palearctic Rat Snakes)
 
Zamenis lineatus

South Italian Aesculapian Snake

Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1993 [as Elaphe longissima romana] Esposito & Romano 2011 Schulz 1996 [as romana] Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 
Zamenis situla

Leopard Snake

Obst, Szczerbak & Böhme in Böhme (ed.) 1993 Schulz 1996 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Venchi & Sindaco 2007
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Vipera (Typical Vipers or Adders)
 
Vipera aspis

Asp Viper

David & Vogel 2010 Gruber 1989 McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013 Trutnau, Böhme & Joger 2005

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Casale, Palilla, Salemi, Napoli, Prinzi, Genco, Bonaviri, Mastrogiacomo, Oliveiro & Valvo 2012
Genus Lepidochelys (Ridley Sea Turtles)
 
Lepidochelys kempii

Atlantic Ridley Sea Turtle

Insacco & Spadola 2010
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
 
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Frazier, Gramentz & Fritz in Fritz (ed.) 2005 Honegger 1981 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Emys (European Pond Turtles)
  *
Emys trinacris

Sicilian Pond Turtle

Fritz & Havas 2006 [as orbicularis] Fritz, Fattizzo, Guicking, Tripepi, Pennisi, Lenk, Joger & Wink 2005 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Testudo (Palearctic Tortoises)
 
Testudo hermanni

Greek Tortoise

Bertolero, Cheylan, Hailey, Livoreil & Willemsen 2011 Fritz & Havas 2006 Honegger 1981 Iverson 1992 Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017 Sindaco, Doria, Razzetti & Bernini (eds.) 2006