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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Gallotia
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


Canarian Lizards


Canariske Firben

1843 Elaphropus Fitzinger (type species: Lacerta galloti Oudart in Webb & Berthelot 1839; syn. Arnold 1989)
1916 Gallotia Boulenger (type species: Lacerta galloti Oudart in Webb & Berthelot 1839)
Contents: 8 species, all of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously regarded as a subgenus of Lacerta. Raised to genus status by Arnold (1973).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Gomera, Gran Canaria, Hierro, Lanzarote, Palma, Tenerife).

Gallotia atlantica

Purpurarian Lizard, Atlantic Lizard

Ostkanareneidechse, Atlantische Eidechse, Purpurarieneidechse

Østkanarisk Firben

1882 Lacerta atlantica Peters & Doria
Gallotia atlantica Arnold 1973
1985 Gallotia atlantica delibesi Castroviejo, Mateo & Collado (López-Jurado, Mateo & Geniez 1995)
1985 Gallotia atlantica ibagnezi Castroviejo, Mateo & Collado (López-Jurado, Mateo & Geniez 1995)
1985 Gallotia atlantica laurae Castroviejo, Mateo & Collado (López-Jurado, Mateo & Geniez 1995)
1985 Gallotia atlantica mahoratae Bischoff (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)

Introduced to: Canary Islands (Gran Canaria).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote).

Gallotia auaritae

La Palma Giant Lizard



2001 Gallotia simonyi auaritae Mateo, Márquez, López Jurado & Barahona
Gallotia auaritae Martín 2009

Remarks: Considered extinct in historic times, but sightings (including photographic evidence) from 2007 could represent auaritae, although these sightings have been questioned (Martín 2009).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Palma).

Gallotia bravoana

La Gomera Giant Lizard



1985 Gallotia goliath bravoana Hütterer
Gallotia simonyi bravoana Bischoff (ed.) 1998
Gallotia bravoana Mateo, Crochet & Afonso 2011
1985 Gallotia simonyi gomerana Hütterer (Bischoff 1998; Mateo, Crochet & Afonso 2011)
Gallotia gomerana Nogales, Rando, Valido & Martín 2001

Remarks: Both bravoana and gomerana were first described from subfossil bones and believed to be extinct subspecies of simonyi (Hütterer 1985), but later a small extant population was found and raised to species status (as gomerana) by Nogales, Rando, Valido & Martín (2001), who considered the two forms separate species. Subsequently, a debate followed regarding their taxonomic status. Some authors regarded them as conspecific (e.g., Bischoff 1998; Mateo 2002; Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008), while others (e.g., Martín & Rando 2006) argued that the two forms were separate species. Mateo, Crochet & Afonso (2011) clarified the issue, and synonymized gomerana with bravoana. The taxon gomerana is not to be confused with Gallotia galloti gomerae Boettger & Müller 1914 (a synonym of caesaris).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Gomera).

Gallotia caesaris

Lesser Canarian Lizard, (Boettger's Lizard)

Kleine Kanareneidechse

Lille Kanarisk Firben

1914 Lacerta cæsaris Lehrs
Lacerta galloti caesaris Boettger & Müller 1914
Gallotia galloti caesaris Bischoff, Nettmann & Rykena 1979
Gallotia caesaris Bischoff (ed.) 1998
1914 Lacerta galloti gomerae Boettger & Müller (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)

Introduced to: Canary Islands (Tenerife).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Gomera, Hierro).

Gallotia galloti

Common Tenerife Lizard, Western Canarian Lizard


Vestkanarisk Firben

1839 Lacerta galloti Oudart in Webb & Berthelot
Zootoca galloti Gray 1845
Gallotia galloti Arnold 1973
1914 Lacerta galloti palmae Boettger & Müller (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)
1982 Gallotia galloti eisentrauti Bischoff (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)
1985 Gallotia galloti insulanagae Martín (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)

Introduced to: Madeira, Canary Islands (Hierro).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Palma, Tenerife).

Gallotia galloti
© Rune Midtgaard

Gallotia intermedia

Tenerife Speckled Lizard, Canarian Spotted Lizard

Teneriffa-Rieseneidechse, Getüpfelte Kanareneidechse

Kanarisk Spættet Firben

2000 Gallotia intermedia Hernández, Nogales & Martín

Distribution: Canary Islands (Tenerife).

Gallotia simonyi

El Hierro Giant Lizard, (Simony's Lizard)



1889 Lacerta simonyi Steindachner
Gallotia simonyi Arnold 1973
1989 Gallotia simonyi machadoi López-Jurado (Bischoff (ed.) 1998)

Other common names:
simonyi: Zalmor Giant Lizard
Remarks: Previously included auaritae. Includes two subspecies (simonyi, machadoi) of which the nominate, simonyi (known from only Roques del Zalmor, off Hierro), is believed to be extinct.
Distribution: Canary Islands (Hierro).

Gallotia stehlini

Gran Canaria Giant Lizard, (Stehlin's Lizard)


Kanarisk Kæmpefirben

1901 Lacerta galloti var. stehlini Schenkel
Lacerta stehlini Lehrs 1909
Lacerta simonyi stehlini Krefft 1950
Gallotia simonyi stehlini Arnold 1973
Gallotia stehlini Welch 1982

Introduced to: Canary Islands (Fuerteventura).
Distribution: Canary Islands (Gran Canaria).