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Taxonomy of the family Diplodactylidae
Bibliography of the genus Hoplodactylus
Biodiversity of the family Diplodactylidae








Genus
Hoplodactylus

New Zealand Giant Geckos, Grey-Brown Geckos

Neuseeländische Riesengeckos, Neuseeländische Braungeckos, Aotearoa-Graugeckos

Newzealandske Kæmpegekkoer

1843 Hoplodactylus Fitzinger (type species: Platydactylus duvaucelii Dumeril & Bibron 1836)
1845 Pentadactylus Gray [not Pentadactylus Bruguière 1792 (Mollusca)] (type species: Platydactylus duvaucelii Dumeril & Bibron 1836; syn. Bauer 1994)
Contents: 1 living and 1 extinct species, both endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included the species now assigned to Dactylocnemis, Mokopirirakau, Toropuku, Tukutuku, and Woodworthia.
Distribution: As for the single, surviving species, Hoplodactylus duvaucelii.


Hoplodactylus delcourti

Kawekaweau Giant Gecko, Kawekaweau

Kawekaweau-Gecko

Kawekaweau-kæmpegekko

1986 Hoplodactylus delcourti Bauer & Russell

Remarks: Recently extinct. The largest gecko ever to have lived (Nielsen, Bauer, Jackman, Hitchmough & Daugherty 2011). Known from only a single specimen of unknown exact locality, but probably the North Island (Bauer 1990, 1994; Gill & Whitaker 2001). However, recent studies have suggested that the species is more closely related to New Caledonian geckos than to New Zealand species (Winkel, Baling & Hitchmough 2018).
Distribution: New Zealand (North Island).


Hoplodactylus duvaucelii

New Zealand Giant Gecko (Duvaucel's Gecko)

Neuseeländische Riesengecko, (Duvaucels Gecko)

Newzealandsk Kæmpegekko

1836 Platydactylus duvaucelii Dumeril & Bibron
Hoplodactylus duvaucelii Fitzinger 1843
Pentadactylus duvaucelii Gray 1845
Naultinus duvauceli Chrapliwy, Smith & Grant 1961
Woodworthia duvauceli Jewell 2008

Remarks: Formerly widespread on the mainland of both the North Island and the South Island, but now almost exclusively occurs on outlying islands (Jewell 2008). For some time belived to have become extinct in both the South Island and the North Island (e.g., Bauer 1994), however, a relict mainland population was recently discovered in the North Island (Morgan-Richards, Hinlo, Smuts-Kennedy, Innes, Ji, Barry, Brunton & Hitchmough 2016). Bavay's (1869) record from New Caledonia refers to Rhacodactylus trachyrhynchus (Bauer & Sadlier 2000).
Distribution: New Zealand (Cook Strait Islands, North Island [incl. outlying islands]).