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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Testudinidae
Bibliography of the genus Manouria
Biodiversity of the family Testudinidae


Indochinese Tortoises

Hinterindische Landschildkröten

Asiatiske Skovskildpadder

1852 Manouria Gray (type species: Testudo emys Schlegel & Müller 1844)
1854 Teleopus LeConte (type species: Teleopus luxatus LeConte 1854; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)
1869 Scapia Gray (type species: Testudo falconeri Gray 1869; syn. Fritz & Havas 2006)

Contents: 2 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included in Testudo (e.g., Wermuth & Mertens 1977).
Distribution: S. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.

Manouria emys

Asian Giant Tortoise, Asian Brown Tortoise, Six-footed Tortoise

Braune Landschildkröte

Brun Landskildpadde

1844 Testudo emys Schlegel & Müller
Manouria emys Strauch 1862
Geochelone emys Loveridge & Williams 1957
1851 Testudo emydoides Duméril & Bibron in Duméril & Duméril (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Manouria emydoides Strauch 1862
1853 Testudo phayrei Blyth
Scapia phayrei Gray 1871
Manouria emys phayrei Iverson 1985
Geochelone emys phayeri [lapsus] Alderton 1988
1854 Manouria fusca Gray (Fritz & Havas 2006)
1854 Teleopus luxatus LeConte (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Manouria luxata Strauch 1862
1979 Testudo nutapundi Reimann in Wirot (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Manouria emys nutapundi Obst 1983
Geochelone nutapundi Pritchard & Trebbau 1984

Other common names:
emys: Brown Asian Giant Tortoise, Burmese Brown Tortoise
phayrei: Black Asian Giant Tortoise, Burmese Black Tortoise
Extinct in: Singapore.
Distribution: Bangladesh, Brunei, India (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland), Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand.

Manouria emys
© Rune Midtgaard

Manouria impressa

Impressed Tortoise

Hinterindische Landschildkröte

Broget Landskildpadde

1882 Geoemyda impressa Günther
Testudo impressa Smith 1922
Geochelone impressa Pritchard 1967
Manouria impressa Bour 1980
1894 Geoemyda latinuchalis Vaillant (Fritz & Havas 2006)
Testudo latinuchalis Siebenrock 1909
1903 Testudo pseudemys Boulenger in Annandale & Robinson (Fritz & Havas 2006)

Remarks: Presence in Guangxi, Hainan, and Hunan needs confirmation, since all records are based on market animals (Lau & Shi 2000).
Distribution: Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh), Laos, Malaysia (West Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.