Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates

© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Opheodrys
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae








Genus
Opheodrys

North American Green Snakes

Grasnattern

Nordamerikanske Grønne Snoge

1843 Opheodrys Fitzinger (type species: Coluber aestivus Linnaeus 1766)
1858 Cyclophis Günther (type species: Coluber aestivus Linnaeus 1766)
1884 Phyllophilophis Garman (type species: Coluber aestivus Linnaeus 1766)
1885 Tropidodryas Cope [not Tropidodryas Fitzinger 1843 (Serpentes)] (type species: Coluber aestivus Linnaeus 1766)
1991 Liochlorophis Oldham & Smith (type species: Coluber vernalis Harlan 1827; syn. Crother, Boundy, Burbrink & Campbell in Crother (ed.) 2008)
Contents: 2 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Symphimus mayae and the species formerly assigned to Cyclophiops (e.g., Schmidt & Necker 1936; Smith 1943), now a synonym of Ptyas. Includes vernalis, which has sometimes been placed in a separate genus, Liochlorophis.
Distribution: E. and C. North America.
Reported from: Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia [incl. Cape Breton Island], Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan), Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York [incl. Long Island], North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming).

Opheodrys aestivus

Rough Green Snake

Raue Grasnatter“

Ru Grøn Snog

1766 Coluber aestivus Linnaeus
Herpetodryas aestivus Schlegel 1837
Leptophis aestivus Baird & Girard 1853
Opheodrys aestivus Cope 1860
Cyclophis aestivus Cope 1872
Phyllophilophis aestivus Garman 1892
Phillophilophis aestivus Hurter 1893
Contia aestivus Boulenger 1894
1853 Leptophis majalis Baird & Girard (Schmidt 1953)
Opheodrys aestivus majalis Burger 1947
1984 Opheodrys aestivus carinatus Grobman
1984 Opheodrys aestivus conanti Grobman

Other common names:
aestivus: Northern Rough Green Snake
carinatus: Florida Rough Green Snake
majalis: Western Rough Green Snake
Remarks: Records from Connecticut are probably based on mislabelled museum specimens and misidentifications (Klemens 1993).
Introduced to: Bahamas.
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia).


Opheodrys aestivus
© Rune Midtgaard

Opheodrys vernalis

Smooth Green Snake

Glatte Grasnatter

Glat Grøn Snog

1827 Coluber vernalis Harlan
Chlorosoma vernalis Baird & Girard 1853
Herpetodryas vernalis Hallowell 1856
Cyclophis vernalis Günther 1858
Liopeltis vernalis Cope 1860
Contia vernalis Boulenger 1894
Eurypholis vernalis Schmidt & Necker 1935
Opheodrys vernalis Schmidt & Necker 1936
Liochlorophis vernalis Oldham & Smith 1991
1941 Opheodrys vernalis blanchardi Grobman
Liochlorophis vernalis blanchardi Oldham & Smith 1991
1992 Opheodrys vernalis borealis Grobman

Other common names:
blanchardi: Western Smooth Green Snake
vernalis: Eastern Smooth Green Snake
Remarks: Some authors have placed vernalis in a separate genus, Liochlorophis (e.g., Oldham & Smith 1991), but this has not been followed by many (e.g., Crother, Boundy, Burbrink & Campbell in Crother (ed.) 2008).
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia [incl. Cape Breton Island], Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan), Mexico (Chihuahua), USA (Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York [incl. Long Island], North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming).