Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates
Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: October 31st, 2023.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Philochortus
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


Shield-backed Ground Lizards, Shield-backed Lizards

Schildrücken-Eidechsen, Graseidechsen


1893 Philochortus Matschie (type species: Philochortus neumanni Matschie 1893)
Contents: 7 species, none of which are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: N. and E. Africa, Middle East.
Reported from: Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen.

Philochortus hardeggeri

Ethiopian Shield-backed Ground Lizard, (Hardegger's Shield-backed Ground Lizard)

Äthiopische Schildrücken-Eidechse

Etiopisk Skjoldrygfirben

1891 Latastia hardeggeri Steindachner
Philochortus hardeggeri Boulenger 1917
1893 Eremias heterolepis Boettger (Welch 1982)
1903 Latastia degeni Boulenger (Boulenger 1921)

Distribution: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia.

Philochortus intermedius

Northern Shield-backed Ground Lizard, (Boulenger's Shield-backed Lizard)

Nördliche Schildrücken-Eidechse

Nordligt Skjoldrygfirben

1917 Philochortus intermedius Boulenger

Remarks: Previously included zolii and rudolfensis. Egyptian records (e.g., Marx 1968) refer to zolii (Baha el Din 2006).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.

Philochortus neumanni

Arabian Shield-backed Ground Lizard

Arabische Schildrücken-Eidechse

Arabisk Skjoldrygfirben

1893 Philochortus neumanni Matschie
Latastia neumanni Anderson 1895

Distribution: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

Philochortus phillipsii

Somali Shield-backed Ground Lizard, (Phillips' Shield-backed Ground Lizard)

Somalische Schildrücken-Eidechse

Somalisk Skjoldrygfirben

1898 Latastia phillipsii Boulenger
Philochortus phillipsii Boulenger 1917

Distribution: Ethiopia, Somalia.

Philochortus rudolfensis

Turkana Shield-backed Ground Lizard, Southern Shield-backed Ground Lizard



1932 Philochortus intermedius rudolfensis Parker
Philochortus rudolfensis Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2002

Remarks: Possibly also found in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan.
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya.

Philochortus spinalis

Eritrean Shield-backed Ground Lizard, (Peters' Shield-backed Lizard)

Eritreische Schildrücken-Eidechse

Eritreisk Skjoldrygfirben

1874 Lacerta spinalis Peters
Latastia spinalis Boulenger 1887
Philochortus spinalis Boulenger 1917

Remarks: Reports from West Africa, i.e., Mali (e.g., Joger & Lambert 1996; Papenfuss 1969) and Niger (e.g., Bischoff 1991) refer to zolii (Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012).
Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia.

Philochortus zolii

Saharan Shield-backed Ground Lizard, (Zolio's Shield-backed Ground Lizard, Grass-loving Shield-backed Lizard)



1934 Philochortus zolii Scortecci
Philochortus intermedius zolii Lanza 1990
1936 Philochortus lhotei Angel (Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012)

Remarks: Lanza (1990) listed zolii as a subspecies of intermedius, but indicated that it is probably a separate species. Often misspelled zolli. Reports from Algeria (as lhotei, e.g., Welch 1982; Bischoff 1991; Rouag & Ziane 2023) are erroneous (Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008).
Distribution: Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger.