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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Tropiduridae
Bibliography of the genus Plica
Biodiversity of the family Tropiduridae








Genus
Plica

Tree Runners, Harlequin Racerunners, (Tree Lizards)

Stelzenläuferleguane

Stylteleguaner

1831 Hypsibatus Wagler [not Hypsibatus Nitzsch (Aves)] (type species: Lacerta umbra Linnaeus 1758; syn. Etheridge 1970)
1831 Plica Gray (type species: Lacerta plica Linnaeus 1758)
1835 Hypsilophus Wiegmann [substitute name for Hypsibatus Wagler 1831; not Hypsilophus Wagler 1830]
1837 Uperanodon Dumeril & Bibron (type species: Lophyrus ochrocollaris Spix 1825; syn. Etheridge 1970)
1843 Ptychopleura Fitzinger (type species: Lacerta plica Linnaeus 1758; syn. Etheridge 1970)
1843 Ptychosaurus Fitzinger (type species: Hypsibatus punctatus Dumeril & Bibron 1837; syn. Etheridge 1970)
1847 Hyperanodon Agassiz [substitute name for Uperanodon Dumeril & Bibron 1837]
Contents: 8 species, of which 4 (50.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Frost (1992) proposed that Plica should be regarded as a synonym of Tropidurus. This proposal has not been adopted generally (e.g., Avila-Pires 1995), and he later reversed the arrangement (Frost, Rodrigues, Grant & Titus 2001).
Distribution: N. South America.
Reported from: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.

Plica caribeana

Caribbean Tree Runner

Karibischer Stelzenläuferleguan

Caribisk Stylteleguan

2013 Plica caribeana Murphy & Jowers

Distribution: Trinidad & Tobago (Tobago, Trinidad), Venezuela.


Plica kathleenae

Acarai Mountains Tree Runner, (Kathleen's Tree Runner)

Acarai-Stelzenläuferleguan

Acarai-stylteleguan

2013 Plica kathleenae Murphy & Jowers

Distribution: Guyana.


Plica lumaria

Cerro Guaiquinima Tree Runner

Guaiquinima-Stelzenläuferleguan

Guaiquinima-stylteleguan

1991 Plica lumaria Donnelly & Myers
Tropidurus lumarius Frost 1992
1991 Plica nigra Mägdefrau (Frost 1992 (p. 5); Gorzula & Señaris 1999; Myers & Donnelly 2001)

Distribution: Venezuela.


Plica medemi

Colombian Tree Runner, (Medem's Tree Runner)

Kolumbianischer Stelzenläuferleguan

Colombiansk Stylteleguan

2013 Plica medemi Murphy & Jowers

Distribution: Colombia.


Plica pansticta

Speckled Tree Runner

Gesprenkelte Stelzenläuferleguan

Spættet Stylteleguan

2001 Tropidurus panstictus Myers & Donnelly
Plica pansticta (new combination)

Distribution: Venezuela.


Plica plica

Collared Tree Runner, Collared Tree Lizard, Spiny Tree Lizard, Spiny-headed Tree Lizard

Halsband-Stelzenläuferleguan

Halsbånd-stylteleguan

1758 Lacerta plica Linnaeus
Agama plica Daudin 1802
Stellio plica Latreille 1802
Ecphymotes plica Fitzinger 1826
Uraniscodon plica Kaup 1826
Hypsibatus plica Wagler 1830
Ophyessa plica Gray 1831
Hypsilophus plica Wiegmann 1835
Ptychosaurus plica Fitzinger 1843
Plica plica Burt & Burt 1930
Tropidurus plica Frost 1992
1768 Iguana chalcidica Laurenti (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1825 Lophyrus panthera Spix (Avila-Pires 1995)
1827 Lophyrus agamoides Gray (Avila-Pires 1995)
1837 Hypsibatus punctatus Duméril & Bibron (Avila-Pires 1995)

Remarks: Records from Mato Grosso do Sul are considered erroneous (Ferreira, Terra, Piatti, Delatorre, Strüssmann, Béda, Kawashita-Ribeiro, Landgref-Filho, Aoki, Campos, Souza, Ávila, Duleba, Martins, Rita & Albuquerque 2017; Costa & Bérnils 2018). A BMNH specimen that reportedly came from Grenada was presumably mislabelled (Henderson & Murphy 2012).
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Roraima), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.


Plica plica
© Rune Midtgaard

Plica rayi

Orinoco Tree Runner, (Ray's Tree Runner)

Orinoco-Stelzenläuferleguan

Orinoco-stylteleguan

2013 Plica rayi Murphy & Jowers

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Plica umbra

Smooth-necked Tree Runner, Blue-lipped Tree Lizard

Glattnacken-Stelzenläuferleguan

Glathalset Stylteleguan

1758 Lacerta umbra Linnaeus
Iguana umbra Latreille 1802
Agama umbra Merrem 1820
Ophryessa umbra Fitzinger 1826
Uraniscodon umbra Kaup 1826
Hypsibatus umbra Wagler 1830
Hyperanodon umbra Peters 1877
Plica umbra O'Shaughnessy 1881
Tropidurus umbra Frost 1992
1825 Lophyrus ochrocollaris Spix (Avila-Pires 1995)
Plica umbra ochrocollaris Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970
1876 Hyperanodon peltigerus Cope (Avila-Pires 1995)
1899 Tropidurus unicarinatus Werner (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1912 Tropidurus holotropis Boulenger (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)
1918 Uraniscodon tuberculatum Andersson (Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970)

Other common names:
ochrocollaris: Olive Tree Runner, Blue-lipped Tree Runner (see also umbra)
umbra: Blue-lipped Tree Runner (see also ochrocollaris)
Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil (Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para [incl. Marajo Island], Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.