Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates
Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Lamprophiidae
Bibliography of the genus Rhamphiophis
Biodiversity of the family Lamprophiidae


Beaked Snakes


Afrikanske Næbsnoge

1854 Rhamphiophis Peters (type species: Rhamphiophis rostratus Peters 1854)
Contents: 4 species, of which 1 (25.0%) is endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Dipsina multimaculata, Rhamphiophis maradiensis (now considered a synonym of Rhagerhis moilensis), Psammophylax acutus, and P. togoensis.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Rhamphiophis maradiensis

Maradi Beaked Snake



1991 Rhamphiophis maradiensis Chirio & Ineich

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of Malpolon moilensis by Trape & Mané (2006). Treated as a valid species herein, following Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014), Chippaux & Jackson (2019), and the Reptile Database, based on their correspondance with L. Chirio (viewed January 1st, 2023).
Distribution: Niger.

Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus

Western Beaked Snake, Western Brown Beaked Snake, Rufous Beaked Snake, Sharp-nosed Snake

Westafrikanische Schnabelnasennatter

Vestlig Brun Næbsnog

1843 Psammophis oxyrhynchus Reinhardt
Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus Boulenger 1896
1929 Rhamphiophis connali Parker (Loveridge 1957)

Remarks: Previously included rostratus.
Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Uganda.

Rhamphiophis rostratus

Rufous Beaked Snake, Eastern Brown Beaked Snake

Kastanienbraune Schnabelnasennatter

Rødbrun Næbsnog

1854 Rhamphiophis rostratus Peters
Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus rostratus Loveridge 1953
1868 Rhagerrhis unguiculata Günther (Broadley 1983)
1870 Coelopeltis porrectus Jan (Broadley 1983)

Remarks: Revalidated as a separate species by Kelly, Barker, Villet, Broadley & Branch (2008). Validity confirmed by Vidal, Branch, Pauwels, Hedges, Broadley, Wink, Cruaud, Joger & Nagy (2008).
Distribution: Botswana, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Rhamphiophis rubropunctatus

Red-spotted Beaked Snake

Rotgepunktete Schnabelnasennatter

Rødplettet Næbsnog

1884 Dipsina rubropunctata Fischer
Rhamphiophis rubropunctata Boulenger 1896

Remarks: Reported from Zanzibar (e.g., Loveridge 1957; Chirio & Ineich 1991) and Uganda (e.g., Chirio & Ineich 1991), but presence of the species in these places is regarded as doubtful, since they were not mentioned in subsequent publications (e.g. Spawls, Beraduccii & Malonza 2014; Spawls, Howell, Hinkel & Menegon 2018).
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania.