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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Toxicocalamus
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]








Genus
Toxicocalamus

Papuan Worm-eating Snakes, New Guinean Forest Snakes

Papuanische Wurmottern, Neuguinea-Wurmottern

Papuanske Ormegiftsnoge

1896 Toxicocalamus Boulenger (type species: Toxicocalamus longissimus Boulenger 1896)
1898 Apistocalamus Boulenger (type species: Apistocalamus loriae Boulenger 1898; syn. McDowell 1969)
1900 Pseudapistocalamus Lönnberg (type species: Pseadapistocalamus nymani Lönnberg 1900; syn. McDowell 1969)
1905 Vanapina De Vis (type species: Vanapina lineata De Vis 1905; syn. Ingram 1989)
1913 Ultrocalamus Sternfeld (type species: Ultrocalamus preussi Sternfeld 1913; syn. McDowell 1969)
Contents: 17 species, of which 16 (94.1%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: New Guinea and satellites.
Reported from: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel, Sudest], Woodlark).

Toxicocalamus buergersi

Northern New Guinean Worm-eating Snake, (Buerger's Forest Snake)

Nördliche Wurmotter

Nordlig Ormegiftsnog

1913 Ultrocalamus bürgersi Sternfeld
Ultrocalamus buergersi McDowell 1967
Toxicocalamus buergersi Gans 1978
1929 Ultrocalamus latisquamatus Schüz (McDowell 1969)

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus cratermontanus

Crater Mountain Worm-eating Snake

Chimbu-Wurmotter

Chimbu-ormegiftsnog

2017 Toxicocalamus cratermontanus Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Toxicocalamus ernstmayri

Star Mountains Worm-eating Snake

Star-Mountains-Wurmotter

Star Mountains-ormegiftsnog

2015 Toxicocalamus ernstmayri O'Shea, Kaiser & Parker

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus goodenoughensis

Goodenough Island Worm-eating Snake

Goodenough-Wurmotter

Goodenough-ormegiftsnog

2020 Toxicocalamus goodenoughensis Roberts & Austin

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands: Goodenough).





Toxicocalamus grandis

Setekwa River Worm-eating Snake, Setekwa River Forest Snake

Setekwa-Wurmotter

Setekwa-ormegiftsnog

1914 Apistocalamus grandis Boulenger
Toxicocalamus grandis McDowell 1969

Remarks: The exact type locality of this species is unclear. Contrary to previous belief, O'Shea, Blum & Kaiser (2020) documented that it is most likely further up the Setekwa River at a higher altitude than implied by the map.
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus holopelturus

Rossel Island Worm-eating Snake, Mount Rossel Forest Snake

Rossel-Wurmotter

Rossel-ormegiftsnog

1969 Toxicocalamus holopelturus McDowell

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Louisiade Archipelago: Rossel).


Toxicocalamus longissimus

Woodlark Worm-eating Snake, Woodlark Forest Snake, Fergusson Island Forest Snake, Elongate Snake

Woodlark-Wurmotter

Woodlark-ormegiftsnog

1896 Toxicocalamus longissimus Boulenger
1905 Vanapina lineata De Vis (Ingram 1989)

Remarks: Now believed restricted to Woodlark. Records from Fergusson (d'Entrecasteaux Islands) are most likely based on mislabelled specimens (O'Shea & Kaiser 2018).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Woodlark).


Toxicocalamus loriae

Haveri Worm-eating Snake, (Loria's Forest Snake)

Haveri-Wurmotter

Haveri-ormegiftsnog

1898 Apistocalamus loriae Boulenger
Toxicocalamus loriae McDowell 1969
1900 Pseudapistocalamus nymani Lönnberg (McDowell 1969)
1904 Apistocalamus pratti Boulenger (McDowell 1969)
1908 Apistocalamus loennbergii Boulenger (McDowell 1969)
1928 Apisthocalamus lamingtoni Kinghorn (O'Shea 1996)

Other common names:
lamingtoni: Mt. Lamington Snake
lönnbergi: Lönnberg's Snake
nymanni: Nymann's Snake
pratti: Pratt's Snake
Remarks: Records from Fergusson Island (d'Entrecasteaux Islands) represent nigrescens. This may also be the case for records from Normanby Island (d'Entrecasteaux Islands), but this needs verification (Kraus 2017).
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Normanby], Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus mattisoni

Mount Simpson Worm-eating Snake

Mount-Simpson-Wurmotter

Mount Simpson-ormegiftsnog

2020 Toxicocalamus mattisoni Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Toxicocalamus mintoni

Sudest Worm-eating Snake

Sudest-Wurmotter

Sudest-ormegiftsnog

2009 Toxicocalamus mintoni Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Louisiade Archipelago: Sudest).


Toxicocalamus misimae

Misima Worm-eating Snake, Misima Island Forest Snake

Misima-Wurmotter

Misima-ormegiftsnog

1969 Toxicocalamus misimae McDowell

Remarks: Now believed restricted to Misima. Records from mainland Papua New Guinea are most likely based on mislabelled specimens (O'Shea & Kaiser 2018).
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Louisiade Archipelago: Misima).


Toxicocalamus nigrescens

Blackish Worm-eating Snake

Schwärzliche Wurmotter

Mørk Ormegiftsnog

2017 Toxicocalamus nigrescens Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands: Fergusson).





Toxicocalamus pachysomus

Milne Bay Worm-eating Snake

Östliche Wurmotter

Østpapuansk Ormegiftsnog

2009 Toxicocalamus pachysomus Kraus

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus preussi

Sepik Worm-eating Snake, (Preuss's Forest Snake)

Sepik-Wurmotter

Sepik-ormegiftsnog

1913 Ultrocalamus preussi Sternfeld
Toxicocalamus preussi McDowell 1969
1945 Ultrocalamus preussi angusticinctus Bogert & Matalas (McDowell 1969)

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus pumehanae

Managalas Plateau Worm-eating Snake, Managalas Plateau Snake

Managalas-Wurmotter

Managalas-ormegiftsnog

2018 Toxicocalamus pumehanae O'Shea, Allison & Kaiser

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).





Toxicocalamus spilolepidotus

Spotted Worm-eating Snake

Gefleckte Wurmotter

Plettet Ormegiftsnog

1969 Toxicocalamus spilolepidotus McDowell

Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).


Toxicocalamus stanleyanus

Mount Stanley Worm-eating Snake, Owen-Stanley Range Forest Snake

Mount-Stanley-Wurmotter

Mount Stanley-ormegiftsnog

1903 Toxicocalamus stanleyanus Boulenger

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).