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Taxonomy of the family Typhlopidae
Bibliography of the genus Virgotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Typhlopidae








Genus
Virgotyphlops

Brahminy Blind Snake

Brahmanen-Blindschlange

Brahmin-ormeslange

2020 Virgotyphlops Wallach (type species: Eryx braminus Daudin 1803)
Contents: 1 species, which is not endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included in the genera Typhlops, and, more recently, Indotyphlops.
Distribution: As for the single species.

Virgotyphlops braminus

Brahminy Blind Snake, Flowerpot Snake, Flowerpot Blind Snake, Common Blind Snake, Island Blind Snake

Brahmanen-Blindschlange, Blumentopf-Schlange

Brahmin-ormeslange, Urtepotteslange

1803 Eryx braminus Daudin
Typhlops braminus Fitzinger 1826
Argyrophis bramicus Gray 1845 [lapsus] (Hahn 1980)
Typhlina bramina Broadley 1974
Ramphotyphlops braminus Robb 1966
Leptotyphlops braminus Krakauer 1994
Indotyphlops braminus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
Virgotyphlops braminus Wallach 2020
1820 Tortrix russelii Merrem (Smith 1943; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
Typhlops russelli Schlegel 1839
1845 Argyrophis truncatus Gray (Boulenger 1893; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1846 Onychocephalus capensis Smith (Boulenger 1893; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1861 Ophthalmidium tenue Hallowell (status uncertain; Boulenger 1893; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1863 Typhlops accedens Jan (Hahn 1980; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1863 Typhlops inconspicuus Jan (Boulenger 1893; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1882 Typhlops euproctus Boettger (Boulenger 1893; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1906 Typhlops braminus var. arenicola Annandale (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1906 Typhlops limbrickii Annandale (Wall 1909, 1923; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1909 Typhlops braminus var. pallidus Wall (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
1910 Glauconia braueri Sternfeld (Hahn 1980; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)
Typhlops braueri Boulenger 1910
1919 Typhlops fletcheri Wall (Pyron & Wallach 2014)
Indotyphlops fletcheri Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1962 Typhlops khoratensis Taylor (Pyron & Wallach 2014)
Indotyphlops khoratensis Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1969 Typhlops pseudosaurus Dryden & Taylor (McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999)

Other common names:
khoratensis: Khorat Blind Snake
Remarks: A triploid unisexual, all-female species (McDowell 1974; Nussbaum 1980; Wynn, Cole & Gardner 1987; Ota, Hikida, Matsui, Mori & Wynn 1991). The wide dispersal of this species must be partly attributed to human agency. Exact origin of the species is presumed to be Southeast Asia, from Pakistan to China, south through Indonesia (Wallach 2020). Populations in Taiwan and the Philippines are regarded as native herein, but it is uncertain whether they are based on introductions (Wallach 2020).
Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown (2018) did not include Pacijan (Camotes Islands) in the distribution of the species.
Previously included Gerrhopilus beddomii and Madatyphlops microcephalus. Status of fletcheri and khoratensis has been controversial. Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal (2014) revalidated both forms as separate species, however, Pyron & Wallach (2014) synonymized them with braminus again.
Introduced to: Afghanistan, American Samoa, Anguilla (Anguilla Island), Aruba, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands], Western Australia), Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman), Central African Republic, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Grande Comoro, Moheli), Congo-Brazzaville, Curacao, Egypt (Sinai), El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea (Annobon), Fiji, Gabon, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Honduras (incl. Islas de la Bahia [Utila]), Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan (Bonin Islands, Izu Islands, Ryukyu Islands [Okinawa Islands, Sakishima Islands (incl. Miyako Islands, Yaeyama Islands), Satsunan Islands (incl. Tokara Islands)]), Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Libya, Madagascar (incl. Nosy Be), Maldives, Marshall Islands (incl. Arno Atoll), Mauritania, Mauritius (Rodrigues), Mayotte, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Micronesia (incl. Pohnpei), Midway Islands, Mozambique, Nauru, New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Isle of Pines, Loyalty Islands), New Zealand, Nigeria, Northern Mariana Islands, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain], Eastern New Guinea, North Solomon Islands [Bougainville], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark), Portugal (incl. Madeira), Reunion, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis (Saint Kitts), Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sint Eustatius, Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal), Somalia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape), Spain (incl. Canary Islands [Fuerteventura, Gomera, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Tenerife]), Tanzania (incl. Pemba, Zanzibar), Togo, Turks & Caicos Islands (Caicos Islands, Turks Islands), U.S. Virgin Islands (incl. St. Croix), United Arab Emirates, USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio, Texas, Virginia), Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Yemen.
Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong [incl. Nan Ao Island], Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hong Kong [incl. Shek Kwu Chau Island], Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Macau, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), East Timor, India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands [Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands], Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal), Indonesia (Alor, Ambon, Aru Islands, Bacan, Bali, Bangka, Belitung, Buru, Buton, Flores, Halmahera, Hoga, Java, Kabaena, Kai Islands, Kalimantan, Komodo, Krakatau, Lembata, Lombok, Madura, Nias, Nila, Penida, Riau Islands, Saparua, Savu, Selayar, Seram, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Sumba, Sumbawa, Tanimbar Islands [Yamdena], Ternate, Weh, West Timor, Laos, Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Langkawi Archipelago, Seribuat Archipelago, (incl. Aur, Tioman)]), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines (Agutayan, Apo, Babuyan Islands [Barit, Dalupiri, Fuga, Mabag], Bantayan, Batan Islands [Batan, Ivojos], Bohol, Boracay, Calamian Islands [Busuanga, Calauit], Camiguin Sur, Camotes Islands [Pacijan, Ponson], Catanduanes, Cebu, Corregidor, Gigante Islands [Gigante Sur], Guimaras, Ibuhos, Lapinig Islands [Lapinig Chico], Leyte, Luzon, Mactan, Marinduque, Masbate, Maybag, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Pamilacan, Panay, Panubulon, Polillo, Samar, Semirara, Sibay, Sibuyan, Sulu Islands [Basilan, Bongao, Jolo], Tablas, Tintiman), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam (incl. Cat Ba Island).


Virgotyphlops braminus
© Henrik Bringsøe