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Taxonomy of the family Typhlopidae
Bibliography of the genus Xerotyphlops
Biodiversity of the family Typhlopidae








Genus
Xerotyphlops

Desert Blind Snakes

Wüsten-Blindschlangen

Ørken-ormeslanger

2014 Xerotyphlops Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal (type species: Typhlops vermicularis Merrem 1820)
Contents: 6 species, of which 4 (66.7%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Typhlops (e.g., Hahn 1980).
Distribution: N. Africa, SE. Europe, Middle East.
Reported from: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).

Xerotyphlops etheridgei

Mauritanian Blind Snake

Mauritanische Blindschlange

Mauritansk Ormeslange

2002 Typhlops etheridgei Wallach
Xerotyphlops etheridgei Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Mauritania.


Xerotyphlops luristanicus

Lorestan Blind Snake, Laki Blind Snake

Lorestan-Blindschlange

Luristan-ormeslange

2002 Xerotyphlops luristanicus Torki

Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of vermicularis by Rajabizadeh (2017).
Distribution: Iran.


Xerotyphlops socotranus

Socotra Blind Snake

Sokotra-Blindschlange

Socotra-ormeslange

1889 Typhlops socotranus Boulenger
Xerotyphlops socotranus Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Yemen (Socotra Archipelago: Socotra).


Xerotyphlops syriacus

Syrian Worm Snake

Syrische Blindschlange, Blödauge

Syrisk Ormeslange

1864 Typhlops syriacus Jan
Xerotyphlops syriacus Kornilios, Jablonski, Sadek, Kumlutas, Olgun, Avci & Ilgaz 2020

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of vermicularis (e.g., Hahn 1980). Revalidated as a separate species by Kornilios, Jablonski, Sadek, Kumlutas, Olgun, Avci & Ilgaz (2020).
Distribution: Egypt (Sinai), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.





Xerotyphlops vermicularis

European Worm Snake, Eurasian Worm Snake, Vermiform Blind Snake, Greek Blind Snake

Europäische Blindschlange, Blödauge

Europæisk Ormeslange

1803 Anguis lumbricalis Daudin [not Anguis lumbricalis Linnaeus 1758]
Typhlops lumbricalis Schreiber 1875
1820 Typhlops vermicularis Merrem
Argyrophis vermicularis Gray 1845
Xerotyphlops vermicularis Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014
1833 Typhlops flavescens Bibron & Bory (Hahn 1980)
1864 Typhlops syriacus Jan (Hahn 1980)
1874 Typhlops persicus Blanford (Hahn 1980)

Remarks: Reported from Uttar Pradesh (India) by Yadav, Khan & Khan (2017), presumably based on a misidentification. No other publication supports the presence of this species so far east of the nearest known locality. Jelic (2014) suggested that vouchered records from Croatia are based on introductions and that the species does not occur naturally in the country.
Distribution: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia (incl. Dugi Otok Island), Cyprus, Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), Iran, Iraq, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.


Xerotyphlops vermicularis
© Henrik Bringsøe

Xerotyphlops wilsoni

Persian Blind Snake

Persische Blindschlange

Persisk Ormeslange

1908 Typhlops wilsoni Wall
Xerotyphlops wilsoni Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin & Vidal 2014

Distribution: Iran.