Reptiles of the
Dahlak Archipelago [Eritrea]

Related checklists:  Eritrea

Bibliography of the reptiles of Dahlak Archipelago Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Dahlak Archipelago Introduced species
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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (Compilation date: 14th April, 2023).

General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable or controversial.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

 Family Lacertidae (Typical Lizards)
Genus Mesalina (Afro-Asian Desert Lizards)
Mesalina martini

Red Sea Desert Lizard

Largen & Spawls 2010
 Family Phyllodactylidae (Leaf-toed Geckos)
Genus Tarentola (Wall Geckos)
Tarentola annularis

Egyptian White-spotted Gecko

Joger 1984
 Family Sphaerodactylidae (Least Geckos, etc.)
Genus Pristurus (Semaphore Geckos)
Pristurus rupestris

Rock Semaphore Gecko

Largen & Spawls 2010

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Dispholidus (Boomslangs)
Dispholidus sp.


Largen & Spawls 2010 [as D. typus]
Genus Platyceps (Flat-headed Whip Snakes)
Platyceps largeni

Dahlak Whip Snake

Largen & Spawls 2010 Maza, Feldman, Fishelson & Meiri 2015 Schatti 2001
Platyceps rhodorachis

Wadi Whip Snake

Largen & Spawls 2010 Sindaco, Venchi & Grieco 2013
 Family Leptotyphlopidae (Thread Snakes)
Genus Myriopholis (Many-scaled Thread Snakes)
Myriopholis erythraea

Eritrean Lowland Thread Snake

Broadley & Wallach 2007 Largen & Spawls 2010
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Echis (Carpet Vipers)
Echis megalocephalus

Big-headed Carpet Viper

David & Ineich 1999 Largen & Spawls 2010 Pook, Joger, Stumpel & Wuster 2009

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Chelonia (Green Sea Turtle)
Chelonia mydas

Green Sea Turtle

Largen & Spawls 2010 Urban 1970
Genus Eretmochelys (Hawksbill Sea Turtle)
Eretmochelys imbricata

Hawksbill Sea Turtle

Largen & Spawls 2010
 Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Genus Dermochelys (Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Largen & Spawls 2010