Taxonomy: families
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Turtles (Testudines)


Narrow-bridged Musk Turtle

American Mud Turtles

Giant Musk Turtles

North American Musk Turtles

Biodiversity of the family Kinosternidae Bibliography of the family Kinosternidae


American Mud and Musk Turtles
Schlammschildkröten     Slamskildpadder

Contents: (as of 31st December, 2022)  Endemicity:
4 genera of which none are endemic  0% 100%
33 species of which 18 (54.5%) are endemic  0% 100%

Remarks: Includes two subfamilies (Kinosterninae, Staurotypinae), which were separated and raised to family status by Iverson, Le & Ingram (2013), although some authors had already regarded them as such (e.g., Bickham & Carr 1983; King & Burke 1989; Vetter 2005; Casas-Andreu, Mendez-de la Cruz & Aguilar-Miguel 2004). This taxonomy has not been met with general acceptance, so the traditional classification as a single family with two subfamilies is retained herein, following several subsequent works (e.g., Vitt & Caldwell 2014; Crawford, Parham, Sellas, Faircloth, Glenn, Papenfuss, Henderson, Hansen & Simison 2015; Rhodin, Iverson, Bour, Fritz, Georges, Shaffer & Dijk 2017; Shaffer, McCartney-Melstad, Near, Mount & Spinks 2017).

Distribution:  North America, Central America, South America.

Reported from:
Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago, USA, Venezuela.