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Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Lygisaurus
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae


Sahul Leaf-litter Skinks, (Rainbow Skinks, Four-fingered Skinks)



1884 Lygisaurus Vis (type species: Lygisaurus foliorum De Vis 1884; syn. Stuart-Fox, Hugall & Moritz 2002)
1984 Protervascincus Wells & Wellington (type species: Ablepharus burnetti Oudemans 1894; syn. Stuart-Fox, Hugall & Moritz 2002)
Contents: 13 species, of which 12 (92.3%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: This genus has variously been regarded as a valid genus (e.g., Ingram & Covacevich 1988) or as a synonym of Carlia (e.g., Couper, Worthington Wilmer, Roberts, Amey & Zug 2005; Stuart-Fox & Hugall 2002; Kraus 2007). Revalidated by Dolman & Hugall (2008).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, Australia.
Reported from: Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island, Torres Strait Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Bacan, Banda Islands, Buru, Haruku, Kai Islands, Kelang, Laut (off Seram), Morotai, Obi, Saparua, Seram, Sula Islands [incl. Sanana], Ternate, Waigeo, Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Lygisaurus absconditus

Bulleringa Leaf-litter Skink, Bulleringa Litter Skink, Mount Surprise Litter Skink



2005 Carlia abscondita Worthington Wilmer, Couper, Amey, Zug & Roberts in Couper, Worthington Wilmer, Roberts, Amey & Zug
Lygisaurus absconditus Dolman & Hugall 2008

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus aeratus

Large-disced Leaf-litter Skink, Large-disced Litter Skink



1901 Lygosoma aeratum Garman
Carlia aerata Mittleman 1952
Protervascincus aeratus Wells & Wellington 1985
Lygisaurus aeratus Ingram & Covacevich 1988
1901 Ablepharus heteropus Garman (Couper, Worthington Wilmer, Roberts, Amey & Zug 2005)
1985 Protervascincus kuranda Wells & Wellington (Shea & Sadlier 1999)

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus curtus

Mount Victoria Leaf-litter Skink, Mount Victoria Litter Skink


Mount Victoria-førneskink

1897 Lygosoma curtum Boulenger
Carlia curta Mittleman 1952
Lygisaurus curtus Ingram & Covacevich 1988

Remarks: See under novaeguineae.
Distribution: Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Lygisaurus foliorum

Tree-base Leaf-litter Skink, Tree-base Litter Skink, Iridescent Litter Skink

Irisierender Streuskink

Iriserende Førneskink

1885 Lygisaurus foliorum De Vis
Carlia foliorum Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983
1894 Ablepharus burnetti Oudemans (Ingram & Covacevich 1988)
1948 Ablepharus burnetti sydneyensis Copland (Ingram & Covacevich 1988)
Protervascincus sydneyensis Wells & Wellington 1984

Remarks: The type material of Lygisaurus foliorum (which is lost, but described in fairly great detail) has recently (Ingram & Covacevich 1988) been suggested to be identical with the lizard traditionally known as Carlia burnetti (see below). As a consequence, the lizard traditionally referred to as Carlia foliorum is now known as Carlia munda, the next taxonomically available name.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland [incl. Fraser Island]).

Lygisaurus laevis

Rainforest Edge Leaf-litter Skink, Rainforest Edge Litter Skink, Rainforest Litter Skink



1894 Lygosoma laeve Oudemans
Carlia laeve Mittleman 1952
Protervascincus laevis Wells & Wellington 1985
Lygisaurus laevis Ingram & Covacevich 1988

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus macfarlani

Translucent Leaf-litter Skink, Translucent Litter Skink, (MacFarlane's Litter Skink, MacFarlane's Skink)



1877 Carlia macfarlani Günther
Lygisaurus macfarlani Ingram & Covacevich 1988

Remarks: See notes under novaeguineae.
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Papua New Guinea (Eastern New Guinea).

Lygisaurus malleolus

Red-tailed Leaf-litter Skink, Red-tailed Litter Skink, Firedart Litter Skink


Rødhalet Førneskink

2005 Carlia malleolus Roberts, Couper, Worthington Wilmer, Amey & Zug in Couper, Worthington Wilmer, Roberts, Amey & Zug
Lygisaurus malleolus Dolman & Hugall 2008

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus novaeguineae

Papuan Leaf-litter Skink, Papuan Litter Skink, New Guinea Four-fingered Skink

Papuanischer Streuskink

Papuansk Førneskink

1874 Lygosoma novae guineae Meyer
Liolepisma novae-guineae Lucas 1898
Leiolepisma novae-guineae Barbour 1912
Lygosoma novaeguineae Loveridge 1948
Carlia novaeguineae Mittleman 1952
Protervascincus novaeguineae Wells & Wellington 1985
Lygisaurus novaeguineae Ingram & Covacevich 1988 (see remarks)

Remarks: This taxon has a history of confusion (Kraus 2007), mainly due to the loss of the type specimen and the meager original description. Ingram & Covacevich (1988) stated that "the species name novaeguineae cannot be applied convincingly to any of the Lygisaurus known from New Guinea. Clarification of the identity of the name will require review of the large collections of Lygisaurus species from that country". Provisionally, Allison, Bickford, Richards & Torr (1998) noted that the name novaeguineae has been in widespread use "for the Lygisaurus" inhabiting the south coast of New Guinea. Kraus (2007) designated a neotype and clarified of the status of the species and its close relatives, curta and macfarlani. As currently understood, novaeguineae is known with certainty only from western New Guinea. Australian records (e.g., Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983) refer to macfarlani.
Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea).

Lygisaurus parrhasius

Azure Creek Leaf-litter Skink, Azure Creek Litter Skink, Fire-tailed Rainbow Skink


Azure Creek-førneskink

1994 Carlia parrhasius Couper, Covacevich & Lethbridge
Lygisaurus parrhasius Dolman & Hugall 2008

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus rococo

Chillagoe Leaf-litter Skink, Chillagoe Litter Skink



1988 Lygisaurus rococo Ingram & Covacevich
Carlia rococo Stuart-Fox & Hugall 2002
Lygisaurus rococo Dolman & Hugall 2008

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus sesbrauna

Eastern Cape Leaf-litter Skink, Eastern Cape Litter Skink



1988 Lygisaurus sesbrauna Ingram & Covacevich
Carlia sesbrauna Stuart-Fox & Hugall 2002

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus tanneri

Endeavour River Leaf-litter Skink, Endeavour River Litter Skink



1988 Lygisaurus tanneri Ingram & Covacevich
Carlia tanneri Stuart-Fox & Hugall 2002

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).

Lygisaurus zuma

Mackay Leaf-litter Skink, Mackay Litter Skink, Sun-loving Litter Skink



1993 Lygisaurus zuma Couper
Carlia zuma Stuart-Fox & Hugall 2002

Distribution: Australia (Queensland).