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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Colubridae
Bibliography of the genus Pseudorabdion
Biodiversity of the family Colubridae


Dwarf Reed Snakes, (Burrowing Snakes)

Zwergriednattern, Zwergwühlnattern


1862 Pseudorabdion Jan (type species: Rabdion torquatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril 1854)
Pseudorhabdion Boulenger 1885 [unjustified emendation]
Pseudorhabdium Boulenger 1885 [unjustified emendation]
1864 Oxycalamus Günther (type species: Calamaria longiceps Cantor 1847)
1879 Typhlogeophis Günther (type species: Typhlogeophis brevis Günther 1879; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
1892 Idiopholis Mocquard (type species: Idiopholis collaris Mocquard 1892; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
1894 Agrophis Müller (type species: Agrophis sarasinorum Müller 1894; syn. Williams & Wallach 1989)
Contents: 15 species, of which 14 (93.3%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Distribution: SE. Asia, Malay Archipelago.
Reported from: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Nias, Riau Islands, Siberut, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago]), Philippines (Calamian Islands, Cebu, Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Panay, Sibuyan, Tablas), Singapore, Thailand.

Pseudorabdion albonuchalis

Ring-necked Dwarf Reed Snake, Ring-necked Litter Snake


Ringhalset Dværgrørsnog

1896 Geophis albonuchalis Günther
Agrophis albonuchalis Boulenger 1897
Xylophis albonuchalis Shelford 1901
Pseudorabdion albonuchalis Leviton & Brown 1959

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).

Pseudorabdion ater

Zamboanga Dwarf Reed Snake, Zamboanga Burrowing Snake



1922 Typhlogeophis ater Taylor
Pseudorabdion ater Leviton & Brown 1959

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).

Pseudorabdion collaris

Red-necked Dwarf Reed Snake, (Mocquard's Reed Snake, Mocquard's Litter Snake)


Rødhalset Dværgrørsnog

1892 Idiopholis collaris Mocquard
Pseudorabdion collaris Inger & Leviton 1966
1901 Idiopholis everetti Shelford (Inger & Leviton 1966)

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak).

Pseudorabdion eiselti

Sumatra Dwarf Reed Snake, (Eiselt's Dwarf Reed Snake)



1961 Pseudorabdion eiselti Inger & Leviton

Remarks: Records of longiceps from Nias proved to be eiselti (Iskandar & Colijn 2001).
Distribution: Indonesia (Nias, Siberut, Sumatra).

Pseudorabdion longiceps

Long-headed Dwarf Reed Snake, Lance-headed Litter Snake, (Cantor's Dwarf Reed Snake)


Langhovedet Dværgrørsnog

1847 Calamaria longiceps Cantor
Oxycalamus longiceps Günther 1864
Pseudorhabdion longiceps Boulenger 1885

Remarks: Previously included torquatum (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Records from Nias proved to be eiselti (Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Presence in Sulawesi needs confirmation, since only a single voucher specimen is available from the island (Lang & Vogel 2005; Koch 2012).
Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Riau Islands, Sumatra), Malaysia (Sarawak, West Malaysia [incl. Seribuat Archipelago]), Singapore, Thailand.

Pseudorabdion mcnamarae

Negros Dwarf Reed Snake, (McNamara's Dwarf Reed Snake, McNamara's Burrowing Snake)



1917 Pseudorabdium mcnamarae Taylor
1922 Pseudorhabdium minutum Taylor (Leviton & Brown 1959; Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Distribution: Philippines (Cebu, Luzon, Negros, Panay, Sibuyan, Tablas).

Pseudorabdion modiglianii

Padang Dwarf Reed Snake



2010 Pseudorabdion modiglianii Doria & Petri

Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra).

Pseudorabdion montanum

Mountain Dwarf Reed Snake, Mountain Burrowing Snake



1959 Pseudorabdion montanum Leviton & Brown

Distribution: Philippines (Negros).

Pseudorabdion oxycephalum

Sharp-nosed Dwarf Reed Snake, (Günther's Dwarf Reed Snake)


Spidssnudet Dværgrørsnog

1858 Rhabdosoma oxycephalum Günther
Oxycalamus oxycephalus Günther 1873
Pseudorhabdium oxycephalum Boulenger 1894
Pseudorabdion oxycephalum Leviton & Brown 1959
1879 Typhlogeophis brevis Günther (Leviton & Brown 1959; Iskandar & Colijn 2001)

Remarks: Records from Dinagat, Luzon, and Mindanao need confirmation (Leviton, Siler, Weinell & Brown 2018).
Distribution: Philippines (Calamian Islands, Cebu, Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Panay).

Pseudorabdion sarasinorum

Sulawesi Dwarf Reed Snake, (Sarasin's Reed Snake)



1894 Agrophis sarasinorum Müller
Pseudorabdion sarasinorum Leviton & Brown 1959

Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).

Pseudorabdion saravacensis

Sarawak Dwarf Reed Snake, Sarawak Litter Snake



1901 Agrophis saravacensis Shelford
Pseudorabdion saravacensis Leviton & Brown 1959

Distribution: Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sarawak).

Pseudorabdion sirambense

Sirambi Dwarf Reed Snake



2010 Pseudorabdion sirambense Doria & Petri

Distribution: Indonesia (Sumatra).

Pseudorabdion talonuran

Panay Dwarf Reed Snake, Panay Cloud Forest Dwarf Reed Snake



1999 Pseudorabdion talonuran Brown, Leviton & Sison

Remarks: The Luzon population of talonuran may represent an undescribed species (Brown, Siler, Oliveiros, Welton, Rock, Swab, Weerd, Beijnen, Jose, Rodriguez, Jose & Diesmos 2013).
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Panay).

Pseudorabdion taylori

Mindanao Dwarf Reed Snake



1959 Pseudorabdion taylori Leviton & Brown

Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao).

Pseudorabdion torquatum

Collared Dwarf Reed Snake



1854 Rabdion torquatum Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril
Pseudorabdion torquatum Jan 1862

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of longiceps (e.g., Iskandar & Colijn 2001). Revalidated as a separate species by Vogel, Amarasinghe & Ineich (2016).
Distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi).