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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Pythonidae
Bibliography of the genus Simalia
Biodiversity of the family Pythonidae








Genus
Simalia

Scrub Pythons

Amethystpythons

Ametystpytoner

1849 Simalia Gray (type species: Boa amethistina Schneider 1801)
1874 Aspidopython Meyer (type species: Aspidopython jakati Meyer 1874; syn. Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014)
1891 Hypaspistes Ogilby [not Hypaspistes Waterhouse 1886 (Insecta)] (type species: Hypaspistes dipsadides Ogilby 1891; syn. Stimson 1969, by implication)
1984 Australiasis Wells & Wellington (type species: Boa amethistina Schneider 1801; syn. Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014)
2000 Lenhoserus Hoser (type species: Python boeleni Brongersma 1953; syn. Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014)
Contents: 6 species, of which 4 (66.7%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Nawaran oenpelliensis. Formerly regarded as a synonym of Morelia (e.g., McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999). Revalidated as a separate genus by Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell (2014).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, N. Australia.
Reported from: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]), Indonesia (Ambon, Aru Islands, Bacan, Banda Islands, Biak, Gebe, Halmahera, Haruku, Kai Islands, Misool, Salawati, Saparua, Seram, Tanimbar Islands [incl. Yamdena], Tayandu Islands, Taam, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Duke of York, Mussau, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], Trobriand Islands).

Simalia amethistina

Amethystine Python, Amethyst Python, Scrub Python

Neuguinea-Amethystpython

Papuansk Ametystpyton

1801 Boa Amethistina Schneider
Python amethystinus Daudin 1803
Liasis amethystinus Gray 1842
Morelia amethistina Cogger, Cameron & Cogger 1983
Australiasis amethistinus Wells & Wellington 1984
Simalia amethistina Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014
1874 Aspidopython jakati Meyer (Stimson 1969)
1879 Liasis duceboracensis Günther (Stimson 1969)
1891 Hypaspistes dipsadides Ogilby (Stimson 1969)
1914 Liasis clarki Barbour (Stimson 1969)
2012 Australiasis funki Hoser (Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O'Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wüster 2013)

Remarks: Previously included kinghorni, to which mainland Australian and some Torres Strait Islands records refer. Contrary to the statement by Lavery, Watson & Leung (2012), both amethistina and kinghorni were reported from the Torres Strait Islands by Harvey, Barker, Ammerman & Chippindale (2000). A record from the Philippines (Mindanao) is regarded as erroneous (McDowell 1975). Records from Semau and Timor refer to Liasis mackloti and Malayopython timoriensis (McDowell 1975) (but see Schleip & O'Shea (2010) regarding presence of the latter species in Timor). Records from the Solomon Islands (e.g., Stimson 1969) are regarded as erroneous (McDowell 1975; McCoy 2006 [by implication]).
Introduced to: Guadeloupe.
Distribution: Australia (Queensland: Torres Strait Islands), Indonesia (Aru Islands, Banda Islands, Biak, Gebe, Kai Islands, Misool, Salawati, Tayandu Islands, Taam, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Duke of York, Mussau, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Rossel], Trobriand Islands).


Simalia amethistina
© Rune Midtgaard

Simalia boeleni

Black Python, Dimija Python, (Boelen's Python)

Boelen-Python

Sort Pyton, (Boelens Pyton)

1953 Liasis boeleni Brongersma
Python boeleni McDowell 1975
Morelia boeleni Underwood & Stimson 1990
Simalia boeleni Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014
1958 Liasis taronga Worrell (Underwood & Stimson 1990)

Distribution: Indonesia (Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Goodenough], Eastern New Guinea).


Simalia clastolepis

Seram Scrub Python, Southern Moluccan Python

Seram-Python

Seram-ametystpyton

2000 Morelia clastolepis Harvey, Baker, Ammerman & Chippindale
Simalia clastolepis Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014

Remarks: Reports of amethistina from Haruku and Saparua are almost certainly based on clastolepis (Harvey, Barker, Ammerman & Chippindale 2000).
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Haruku, Saparua, Seram).


Simalia kinghorni

Australian Scrub Python

Australischer Amethystpython

Australsk Ametystpyton

1933 Liasis amethistinus kinghorni Stull
Australiasis kinghorni Wells & Wellington 1984
Morelia amethistina kinghorni O'Shea 1996
Morelia kinghorni Harvey, Barker, Ammerman & Chippindale 2000
Simalia kinghorni Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subspecies of amethistina (e.g., Stimson 1969). See further remarks under amethistina.
Distribution: Australia (Queensland [incl. Torres Strait Islands]).


Simalia kinghorni
© Rune Midtgaard

Simalia nauta

Tanimbar Scrub Python, Tanimbar Python

Tanimbar-Python

Tanimbar-ametystpyton

2000 Morelia nauta Harvey, Baker, Ammerman & Chippindale
Simalia nauta Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014

Distribution: Indonesia (Tanimbar Islands: Yamdena).


Simalia tracyae

Halmahera Scrub Python, Halmahera Python

Halmahera-Python

Halmahera-ametystpyton

2000 Morelia tracyae Harvey, Baker, Ammerman & Chippindale
Simalia tracyae Reynolds, Niemiller & Revell 2014

Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Halmahera).