Taxonomy: families
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Lizards (Sauria)


Typical Anoles

Stout Anoles

Hispaniolan Anoles

Lesser Antillean Anoles

Fringe-toed Anoles

Greater Antillean Anoles

Brilliant Anoles

Sword-tail Giant Anoles

Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (
Latest update: May 12th, 2024.

Biodiversity of the family Anolidae Bibliography of the family Anolidae


Anolis, Saumfinger     Anoler

Contents: Endemicity:
8 genera of which 2 (25.0%) are endemic  0% 100%
455 species of which 344 (75.6%) are endemic  0% 100%

Remarks: The genera contained in this family were previously assigned to the family Iguanidae (e.g., Barbour 1937; Schmidt 1953; Smith & Taylor 1950; Peters & Donoso-Barros 1970). Family status was given by Frost & Etheridge (1989) as Polychridae, and subsequently corrected to Polychrotidae (Böhme 1990; Frost, Etheridge, Janies & Titus 2001), which both included the genus Polychrus. Subsequently, Polychrus was assigned to its own family, taking the family name along with it, thus requiring a new name for the anole family, Dactyloidae (Townsend, Mulcahy, Noonan, Sites, Kuczynski, Wiens & Reeder 2011). Most recently, Queiroz (2022) pointed out that Anolidae has nomenclatural priority over Dactyloidae.

Distribution:  North, Central, and South America, West Indies.

Reported from:
Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Navassa, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, USA, Venezuela.