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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Boidae
Bibliography of the genus Candoia
Biodiversity of the family Boidae








Genus
Candoia

Pacific Boas

Pazifik-Boas

Pacifiske Boaer

1842 Candoia Gray (type species: Boa carinata Schneider 1801)
1842 Tropidoboa Hombron & Jacquinot in Jacquinot & Guichenot (type species: Enygrus bibroni Dumeril & Bibron 1844)
1877 Erebophis Günther (type species: Erebophis asper Günther 1877)
Contents: 5 species, of which 1 (20.0%) is endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Often referred to as Enygrus in older litterature (see also Python). Placed in a separate family, Candoiidae, by Pyron, Reynolds & Burbrink (2014).
Distribution: E. Malay Archipelago, SW. Pacific Ocean.
Reported from: American Samoa, Fiji (incl. Rotuma), Indonesia (Ambon, Bacan, Banda Islands, Batanta, Biak, Boano, Gorong Archipelago, Halmahera, Haruku, Misool, Morotai, Moti, Salawati, Sangir Islands [incl. Sangir], Saparua, Seram, Sulawesi, Supiori, Talaud Islands, Tanimbar Islands, Ternate, Tidore, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Loyalty Islands), Palau, Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus, Rambutyo Island), Duke of York, Mussau, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel, Sudest], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark), Solomon Islands (incl. Bellona, Guadalcanal, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands), Tokelau, Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa.

Candoia aspera

Viper Boa, New Guinean Ground Boa, New Guinean Boa

Pazifik-Viperboa

Hugormeboa

1877 Erebophis asper Günther
Enygrus asper Boulenger 1893
Candoia aspera Forcart 1951
1932 Enygrus asper schmidti Stull (Stimson 1969)

Remarks: Presence in the Solomon Islands needs confirmation. Known from only a single specimen from Bougainville (McCoy 2006), which O'Shea (1996) considered erroneous. Presence in Tokelau has not been verified (McDowell 1979).
Distribution: Indonesia (Batanta, Biak, Misool, Salawati, Supiori, Waigeo, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus, Rambutyo Island), Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi], Eastern New Guinea).


Candoia aspera
© Rune Midtgaard

Candoia bibroni

South Pacific Tree Boa, Round-nosed Island Boa, (Pacific Boa)

Südpazifik-Baumboa

Sydpacifisk Boa

1844 Enygrus Bibroni Dumeril & Bibron
Candoia bibronii Forcart 1951
1860 Boa australis Montrouzier
Enygrus australis Boulenger 1893
Enygrus bibroni australis Sarasin & Roux 1913
Candoia bibronii australis Forcart 1951

Other common names:
australis: Samoan Boa
bibroni: Fiji Boa
Remarks: Records from French Polynesia (Society Islands), Indonesia (Jamna, Seram), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Islands, Woodlark), Tokelau, and Tonga are questionable (McDowell 1979; McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré 1999; Lang 2013).
Introduced to: New Zealand.
Distribution: American Samoa, Fiji (incl. Rotuma), New Caledonia (incl. Grande Terre, Loyalty Islands), Solomon Islands (incl. Bellona, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands), Vanuatu (incl. Espiritu Santo), Wallis & Futuna, Western Samoa.


Candoia bibroni
© Rune Midtgaard

Candoia carinata

Pacific Tree Boa, New Guinean Tree Boa, Square-nosed Island Boa, Schneider’s Bevel-nosed Boa

Pazifik-Baumboa

Pacifisk Træboa

1801 Boa carinata Schneider
Candoia carinata Gray 1842
Enygrus carinatus Duméril & Bibron 1844
1807 Boa variegata Thunberg (Bauer & Wahlgren 2000; Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen 2001)
2001 Candoia carinata tepedeleni Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen

Other common names:
carinata: Western Pacific Tree Boa
tepedeleni: Papuan Tree Boa, (Tepedelen's Bevel-nosed Boa)
Remarks: Previously included paulsoni and superciliosa. The distribution of this species given in Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014) is, at least partly, clearly based on confusion with paulsoni, and should be used with caution. Their information has been disregarded herein.
Distribution: Indonesia (Ambon, Bacan, Banda Islands, Batanta, Biak, Boano, Gorong Archipelago, Haruku, Misool, Morotai, Salawati, Sangir Islands [incl. Sangir], Saparua, Seram, Supiori, Talaud Islands, Tanimbar Islands, Western New Guinea, Yapen), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [Admiralty Islands (Manus), Duke of York, Mussau, New Britain, New Ireland], Eastern New Guinea).


Candoia carinata
© Rune Midtgaard

Candoia paulsoni

Pacific Ground Boa, Solomons Ground Boa, Solomon Island Boa, Melanesian Bevel-nosed Boa, (Paulson's Bevel-nosed Boa)

Pazifik-Erdboa

Pacifisk Jordboa, Salomonboa

1956 Enygrus carinatus paulsoni Stull
Candoia carinata paulsoni Stimson 1969
Candoia paulsoni Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen 2001
2001 Candoia paulsoni mcdowelli Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen
2001 Candoia paulsoni rosadoi Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen
2001 Candoia paulsoni sadlieri Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen
2001 Candoia paulsoni tasmai Smith & Tepedelen in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen
2001 Candoia paulsoni vindumi Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen

Other common names:
mcdowelli: Papuan Ground Boa, (McDowell's Bevel-nosed Boa)
rosadoi: Misima Ground Boa, (Rosado's Bevel-nosed Boa)
sadlieri: Woodlark Ground Boa, (Sadlier's Bevel-nosed Boa)
tasmai: Maluku Ground Boa, (Tasma's Bevel-nosed Boa)
vindumi: Bougainville Ground Boa, (Vindum's Bevel-nosed Boa)
Remarks: Previously regarded as a subspecies of carinata (e.g., Stimson 1969). See remarks under carinata.
Distribution: Indonesia (Bacan, Halmahera, Morotai, Moti, Sangir Islands [incl. Sangir], Sulawesi, Talaud Islands, Ternate, Tidore), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago [New Britain, Umboi], d'Entrecasteaux Islands [Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby], Eastern New Guinea, Louisiade Archipelago [Misima, Rossel, Sudest], North Solomon Islands [Bougainville], Trobriand Islands, Woodlark), Solomon Islands (incl. Guadalcanal, Rennell, Santa Cruz Islands).


Candoia superciliosa

Palau Boa, Palau Bevel-nosed Boa

Palauboa

Palauboa

1863 Enygrus superciliosus Günther
Candoia superciliosa Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen 2001
2001 Candoia superciliosa crombiei Smith & Chiszar in Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen

Other common names:
crombiei: Ngeaur Boa, Ngeaur Bevel-nosed Boa
superciliosa: Northern Palau Boa, Northern Palau Bevel-nosed Boa
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of carinata (e.g., Stimson 1969). Revalidated by Smith, Chiszar, Tepedelen & Breukelen (2001).
Distribution: Palau.