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Taxonomy of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]
Bibliography of the genus Dendroaspis
Biodiversity of the family Elapidae [terrestrial species]




Genus
Dendroaspis

Mambas

Mambas

Mambaer

1848 Dendroaspis Schlegel (type species: Elaps jamesonii Traill 1843)
1852 Dinophis Hallowell (type species: Dinophis hammondii Hallowell 1852)
1855 Dendroechis Fischer (type species: Dendroechis reticulata Fischer 1855)
Contents: 5 species.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Dendroaspis angusticeps

Southern Green Mamba

Südliche Grüne Mamba

Sydlig Grøn Mamba

1849 Naja angusticeps Smith
Chloroechis angusticeps Peters 1854
Dendraspis angusticeps Günther 1858
Dendroaspis angusticeps Bogert 1940
1907 Dendroaspis sjöstedti Lönnberg (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)

Remarks: Now restricted to South Africa. Previously included intermedius. Records from outside South Africa refer to intermedius (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014).
Distribution: South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo).


Dendroaspis intermedius

Eastern Green Mamba, Common Green Mamba, White-mouthed Mamba

Östliche Grüne Mamba

Østlig Grøn Mamba

1865 Dendraspis intermedius Günther
Dendroaspis intermedius Broadley & Blaylock 2013

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of angusticeps (e.g., Golay & al. 1993). Although not formally revalidated yet, Broadley & Blaylock (2013) treated intermedius as a separate species, but without discussion. This was followed by Wallach, Williams & Boundy (2014), who referred to pers. comm. with W. Wüster. Presence in Congo-Kinshasa is regarded as erroneous (Rasmussen 1994; David & Ineich 1999), although reported by some authors (e.g., Witte 1962 [as angusticeps], Chifundera 1990 [as angusticeps]; Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014).
Distribution: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar), Zimbabwe.


Dendroaspis jamesonii

Central African Green Mamba*, (Green Forest Mamba, Jameson's Mamba)

Zentralafrikanische Grüne Mamba*, (Jamesons Mamba)

Centralafrikansk Grøn Mamba*

1843 Elaps jamesonii Traill
Dendraspis jamesonii Boettger 1888
Dendroaspis jamesonii Bogert 1940
1865 Dendraspis welwitschii Günther (Golay & al. 1993)
1885 Dinophis fasciolatus Fischer (Golay & al. 1993)
1888 Dendraspis neglectus Bocage (Golay & al. 1993)
1936 Dendraspis jamesoni kaimosae Loveridge

Other common names:
jamesoni: Western Central African Green Mamba*, Western Jameson's Mamba
kaimosae: Eastern Central African Green Mamba*, Eastern Jameson's Mamba, Kaimosi Mamba
Remarks: Schätti & Loumont (1992) believed the mamba species allegedly occurring in Sao Tome to be jamesoni, although other authors have regarded it as representing viridis (e.g., Manacas 1981; Golay & al. 1993). However, presence of any species of mamba in the island is unconfirmed (Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2018).
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.


Dendroaspis polylepis

Black Mamba, Black-mouthed Mamba, Brown Mamba

Schwarze Mamba

Sort Mamba

1864 Dendraspis polylepis Günther
Dendroaspis polylepis Parker 1949
1873 Dendraspis antinorii Peters (Broadley 1983; Golay & al. 1993)
Dendroaspis polylepis antinorii Parker 1949
1882 Dendraspis mamba Gough (Golay & al. 1993)

Other common names:
antinorii: Northern Black Mamba
polylepis: Southern Black Mamba
Remarks: Broadley (1983) did not recognize any valid subspecies of polylepis.
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Dendroaspis viridis

Western Green Mamba, West African Green Mamba

Westliche Grüne Mamba

Vestlig Grøn Mamba

1844 Leptophis viridis Hallowell
Dendraspis viridis Boulenger 1896
Dendroaspis viridis Bogert 1940
1852 Dinophis hammondii Hallowell (Golay & al. 1993)
Dendroaspis viridis hallowelli [lapsus for hammondii?] Barnett, Emms & Santoni 2001
1855 Dendroechis reticulata Fischer (Golay & al. 1993)
1855 Naja jamesonii Schlegel [not Elaps jamesoni Traill 1843] (Golay & al. 1993)
1993 Dendroaspis viridis hallowellii Yeomans (Wallach, Williams & Boundy 2014)

Remarks: Schätti & Loumont (1992) believed the mamba species allegedly occurring in Sao Tome to be jamesoni, although other authors have regarded it as representing viridis (e.g., Manacas 1981; Golay & al. 1993). However, presence of any species of mamba in the island is unconfirmed (Ceríaco, Marques & Bauer 2018).
Distribution: Benin, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau (incl. Bijagos Archipelago), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.