(part 2: marine species)
(as of 31st December, 2021) ||Endemicity:
10 genera of which 1 (10.0%) is endemic ||0% 100%
72 species of which 19 (26.4%) are endemic ||0% 100%
The sea snakes are now considered part of the family Elapidae (e.g., Goin, Goin & Zug 1978; Vitt & Caldwell 2014). They were previously regarded as one or two separate families, Hydrophiidae (e.g., Smith 1926) and (or including) the sea kraits, Laticaudidae (or Laticaudinae). The sea kraits have been regarded as a separate family, Laticaudidae, by some authors (Burger & Natsuno 1974; Kharin & Czeblukov 2006). See further remarks under the family Elapidae.
Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Cocos (Keeling) Islands,
Northern Mariana Islands,
Papua New Guinea,
United Arab Emirates,
Wallis & Futuna,