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Bibliography of the reptiles of
California  [USA]

Note: In order to limit redundancy, relevant literature indexed in the related bibliographies in the left column may not have been included in this page. For a comprehensive search of literature, these bibliographies should therefore also be consulted.


Anonymous. (year unknown). Fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals of Death Valley National Monument. Publisher unknown. 8 pp.

Applegate, R. 1973. The snakes of San Diego County, California with observations related to care in captivity. Herp 9(3-4): 13-18.

Armstrong, W.P. 1981. Wildlife of the San Marcos Mountains: at home on the range. Environment Southwest 493: 3-7.

Atsatt, S.R. 1913. The reptiles of the San Jacinto area of southern California. University of California Publications in Zoology 12: 31-50.

Atsatt, S.R. 1939. Colour changes as controlled by temperature and light in the lizards of the Desert regions of southern California. Univ. California Biol. Sci. 1: 237-276.

Banks, R.C. 1966. Terrestrial vertebrates of Anacapa Island, California. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 14: 173-188.

Banta, B.H. 1962. A preliminary account of the herpetofauna of the Saline Valley hydrographic basin, Inyo County, California. Wasmann Journal of Biology 20: 161-251.

Banta, B.H. 1968. An annotated check list of the recent amphibians and reptiles of the Pinnacles National Monument and Bear Valley, San Benito and Monterey Counties, California, with some ecological observations. Wasmann Journal of Biology 26: 161-183.

Banta, B.H.; Morafka, D. 1967. An annotated checklist of the recent amphibians and reptiles inhabiting the city and county of San Francisco, California. Wasmann Journal of Biology 24: 223-238.

Baptista, L.F. 1990. Aviary in the aspens. Pacific Discovery 43(2): 33-36.

Barrows, C.W.; Allen, M.F. 2010. Patterns of occurrence of reptiles across a sand dune landscape. Journal of Arid Environments 74(2): 186-192.

Barrows, C.W.; Fisher, M. 2014. Past, present and future distributions of a local assemblage of congeneric lizards in southern California. Biological Conservation 180: 97-107.

Bauer, S.; Olson, J.; Cockrill, A.; Hattem, M. van; Miller, L.; Tauzer, M.; Leppig, G. 2015. Impacts of surface water diversions for marijuana cultivation on aquatic habitat in four northwestern California watersheds. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0120016.

Block, W.M.; Morrison, M.L. 1998. Habitat relationships of amphibians and reptiles in California oak woodlands. Journal of Herpetology 32(1): 51-60.

Block, W.M.; Morrison, M.L.; Scott, P.E. 1998. Development and evaluation of habitat models for herpetofauna and small mammals. Forest Science 44(3): 430-437.

Block, W.M.; Morrison, M.L.; Slaymaker, J.C.; Jongejan, G. 1988. Design considerations for the study of amphibians, reptiles and small mammals in California's oak woodlands: temporal & spatial patterns. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM 166: 247-253.

Block, W.M.; Morrison, M.L.; Slaymaker, J.C.; Jongejan, G. 1988. Design considerations for the study of amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals in California's oak woodlands: temporal and spatial patterns. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM 166: 247-253.

Blooker, J.C. von 1942. Amphibians and reptiles of the Dunes. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 41(1): 29-31.

Bogert, C.M. 1930. An annotated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Los Angeles County. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 29(1): 3-14.

Brattstrom, B.H. 1953. The amphibians and reptiles from Rancho La Brea. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 11(4): 365-392.

Brehme, C.S.; Boarman, W.I.; Hathaway, S.A.; Herring, A.; Lyren, L.; Mendelsohn, M.; Pease, K.; Rahn, M.; Rochester, C.; Stokes, D.; Turschak, G.; Fisher, R.N. 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns across an ecological boundary: Allochthonous effects of a young saltwater lake on a desert ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 73(9): 811-820.

Brode, J.M. 1985. The importance of riparian systems to amphibians and reptiles. pp. 30-36. In: Warner, R.E. & Hendrix, K.M. California riparian systems. Ecology, conservation and productive management. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 1035 pp.

Brown, P. 1997. A Field Guide to Snakes of California. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston. 216 pp.

Bruce Bury, R. 1970. A biogeographic analysis af the herpetofauna of Trinity County, California. Journal of Herpetology 4(3-4): 165-178.

Bury, R.B. 1982. Structure and composition of Mojave Desert reptile communities determined with a removal method. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Research Report 13: 135-142.

Bury, R.B.; Pearl, C.A. 1999. Klamath-Siskiyou herpetofauna: biogeographic patterns and conservation strategies. Natural Areas Journal 19(4): 341-350.

Bury, R.B.; Stewart, G.R. 1973. California protects its herpetofauna. HISS News J. 1(2): 43-47.

Busack, S.D.; Bury, R.B. 1974. Some effects of off-road vehicles and sheep grazing on lizard populations in the Mojave Desert. Biological Conservation 6(3): 179-183.

Campbell, T. 1981. Some effects of recreational activities at the Desert Tortoise Natural Area. Desert Tortoise Council Proceedings of Symposium 6: 121-127.

Campbell, T. 1985. Hunting and other activities on and near the Desert Tortoise Natural area, eastern Kern County, California. Desert Tortoise Council Proceedings of Symposium 7: 90-98.

Campbell, T. 1986. Some natural history observations of Desert Tortoises and other species on and near the Desert Tortoise Natural Area, Kern County, California. Desert Tortoise Council Proceedings of Symposium 8: 80-88.

Case, T.J.; Fisher, R.N. 2001. Measuring and predicting species presence: coastal sage scrub case study. pp. 47-71. In: Hunsaker, C.T.; Goodchild, M.F.; Friedl, M.A.; Case, T.J. (eds.). Spatial uncertainty in ecology: implications for remote sensing and GIS applications. Springer, New York, Berlin, etc. 402 pp.

Chen, X.W.; Li, B.A.; Scott, T.A.; Tennant, T.; Rotenberry, J.T.; Allen, M.F. 2005. Spatial structure of multispecies distributions in southern California, USA. Biological Conservation 124(2): 169-175.

Clark, H.O. 2010. Herpetofauna of Mare Island, Solano County, California. Sonoran Herpetologist 23(9): 127-129.

Clark, H.O.; Newman, D.P. 2010. Results of a herpetological survey in northwestern Kern County, California. Sonoran Herpetologist 23(10): 144-147.

Cohen, N.W.; Wood, S.F. 1953. Vertebrate census of an earth, stone, concrete check dam at the San Joaquin experimental range. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 52(1): 35-38.

Cook, J.C.; Weber, A.E.; Stewart, G.R. 1978. Survival of captive tortoises released in California. Desert Tortoise Council Proceedings of Symposium 3: 130-135.

Cookerell, T.D.A. 1945. The Colorado Desert of California: its origin and biota. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 48(1): 1-39.

Cowles, R.B. 1977. Desert journal, a naturalist reflects on arid California. University of California Press. 278 pp.

Cross, P.D. 1977. A check list of amphibians and reptiles from Joshua Tree National Monument. Herp 13(1): 14-18.

Cunningham, J.D. 1955. Arboreal habits of certain reptiles and amphibians in southern California. Herpetologica 11: 217-220.

Denburgh, J. van 1905. The reptiles and amphibians of the Islands of the Pacific coast of North America from the Farallons to Cape San Lucas and the Revilla Gigedos. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 3(4): 1-4.

Denburgh, J. van 1912. Notes on a collection of reptiles from southern California and Arizona. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Ser. 4) 3: 147-154.

Denburgh, J. van 1924. A fifth record of the Pacific Leatherback Turtle on the coast of California. Copeia 1924(130): 53.

Dimmitt, M.A.; Wentworth Comus, P.; Brewer, L.M. (eds.). 2015. A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert. 2nd ed. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Press, Tucson, Arizona & University of California Press, Oakland, California. 575 pp.

Dixon, J.R. 1967. Amphibians and reptiles of Los Angeles County, California. Publs Los Ang. Mus. Sci. Ser. Zool. 23(10): 1-63.

Dodero, M. 1985. Lizards and the like. Environment Southwest 511: 21-23.

Dutton, P.; Eckert, S.A. 1994. Leatherback Sea Turtle. pp. 454-456. In: Thelander, C.G. & Crabtree, M. (eds.): Life on the edge: a guide to California's endangered natural resources: wildlife. Biosystems Books, Santa Cruz, California. 550 pp.

England, A.S. 1983. The Coachella Valley, an endangered ecosystem progress report on conservation and management efforts. Cal-Neva Wildlife 1983: 148-156.

Feldman, C.R.; Spicer, G.S. 2006. Comparative phylogeography of woodland reptiles in California: repeated patterns of cladogenesis and population expansion. Molecular Ecology 15(8): 2201-2222.

Finnley, D. (ed.) 1980. Critical Habitat reproposed for Coachella Valley lizard. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin 5(6): 1, 13.

Fitch, H.S. 1939. Desert reptiles in Lassen Co., California. Herpetologica 1939(1): 151-152.

Fitch, H.S. 1949. Study of snake populations in central California. American Midland Naturalist 41(3): 513-572.

Flaxington, W.C. 1998. Field observations of California amphibians and reptiles. Published by the author, Whittier, California. 129 pp.

Franklin, J.; Wejnert, K.E.; Hathaway, S.A.; Rochester, C.J.; Fisher, R.N. 2009. Effect of species rarity on the accuracy of species distribution models for reptiles and amphibians in southern California. Diversity and Distributions 15(1): 167-177.

Fuentes, E.L. 1981. Evolution of lizard niches in mediterranean habitats. pp. 417-444. In: di Castri, F.; Goodall, D.W. & Specht, R.L. (eds.). Ecosystems of the world. 11. Mediterranean-type shrublands. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam, Oxford, New York. 643 pp.

Fuentes, E.R. 1976. Ecological convergence of lizard communities in Chile and California. Ecology 57(1): 3-17.

Gifford, E.W. 1967. Ethnographic notes on the southwestern Pomo. Anthrop. Rec. Univ. Calif. 25: 1-48.

Glaser, H.S.R. 1970. The distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Riverside County, California. Riverside Museum Publications, Nat. Hist. Series 1: 1-40.

Goodman, D.H.; Martin, A.C.; Petros, P.P.; Klochak, J. 2009. Judgment based habitat mapping on the Trinity River, 2006. Arcata Fisheries Technical Report 2009-12: 1-30.

Griffith, D.D. 1966. Snakes of California, scientific and common names. Herpeton 1: 1-4.

Grinnell, J. 1908. The biota of the San Bernardino mountains. University of California Publications in Zoology 5: 1-170.

Grinnell, J.; Camp, C.L. 1917. A distributional list of the amphibians and reptiles of California. University of California Publications in Zoology 17: 127-208.

Grinnell, J.; Grinnell, H.W. 1907. Reptiles of Los Angeles county, California. Throop Polytech. Inst. Bull. 35: 64.

Grinnell, J.; Linsdale, J.M. 1936. Vertebrate animals of Point Lobos Reserve, 1934-35. (Reptiles and amphibians, pp. 35-39). Carnegie Instn. Pub. 481: 159 pp.

Grinnell, J.; Storer, T.J. 1924. Animal life in the Yosemite. University of California Press, San Francisco. 752 pp.

Grismer, L.L. 1993. The insular herpetofauna of the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico. Herpetological Natural History 1(2): 1-10.

Hayes, M.; Cliff, F. 1982. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Butte County, the Butte sink and Sutter Buttes, California. Herpetological Review 13(3): 85.

Hazard, L.; Rotenberry, J.T. 1996. Herpetofauna and vegetation survey of Cornfield Spring and Piute Spring, east Mojave Desert, California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports 10: 69-73.

Henson, P.; Usner, D.J. 1993. The natural history of Big Sur. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & Oxford. 416 pp.

Hill, H.R. 1948. Amphibians and reptiles of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles Co. Mus. Sci. (Ser. 12) (Zool.) 5: 5-30.

Hubbard, D.H. 1941. The vertebrate animals of Friant Reservoir Basin with special reference to the possible effects upon them of the Friant Dam. (Amph. & Rept. pp. 204-206). California Fish and Game 27: 198-215.

Hubbs, C.L. 1961. The marine vertebrates of the outer coast. Systematic Zoology 9 196: 134-147.

Hurter, J. 1912. Reptiles and batrachians of Laguna beach [Cal.]. Claremont Cal. Pomona Coll. Rep. Laguna Mar. Lab. 1: 67.

Jennings, M.R. 1983. An annotated check list of the amphibians and reptiles of California. California Fish and Game 69(3): 151-171.

Jennings, M.R. 2004. An annotated check list of the amphibians and reptiles of California and adjacent waters. California Fish and Game 90(4): 161-213.

Johnson, D.H.; Bryant, M.D.; Miller, A.H. 1948. Vertebrate animals of the Providence Mountains area of California. University of California Publications in Zoology 48: 221-374.

Jones, L.L.C.; Lovich, R.E. (eds.). 2009. Lizards of the American southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, Arizona. 568 pp.

Juhnke, D. 1976. A simple key to the herpetology of the Santa Monica mountains, Los Angeles County, California. Herpetology 8(2): 1-4.

Kay, F.R. 1970. Environmental responses of active lizards at Saratoga Springs, Death Valley, California. Great Basin Naturalist 30: 146-165.

Kessel, E.L. 1954. The snakes of California. Wasmann Collector 3(1): 19-24.

Klauber, L.M. 1924. Notes on the distribution of snakes in San Diego County, California. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 1: 1-22.

Klauber, L.M. 1926. The snakes of San Diego County, California. Specimens collected for the Zoological Society, Jan, 1, 1923 to Dec. 31, 1925. Showing distribution by months and zones. Copeia 1926(155): 144.

Klauber, L.M. 1928. A list of the amphibians and reptiles of San Diego County, California. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 4: 1-8.

Klauber, L.M. 1930. A list of the amphibians and reptiles of San Diego County, California. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 5: 1-8.

Klauber, L.M. 1931. A statistical survey of the snakes of the southern border of California. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 8: 1-88.

Klauber, L.M. 1934. Annotated list of the amphibians and reptiles of the southern border of California. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 11: 1-28.

Knapp, R.A. 2005. Effects of nonnative fish and habitat characteristics on lentic herpetofauna in Yosemite National Park, USA. Biological Conservation 121(2): 265-279.

Langlois, C. 1997. Joshua Tree National Park: land of the lizards. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine 51: 64-69.

Laudenslayer, W.F.; Grenfel, W.E.; Zeiner, D.C. 1991. A checklist of the amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals of California. California Fish and Game 77(3): 109-141.

Lemm, J. 1997. Predation of captive reptiles in southern California by the introduced Argentine ant, Linepithema humile. Bulletin of the Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians 7(3): 4-5.

Lemm, J.M. 2006. Field guide to amphibians and reptiles of the San Diego region. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 326 pp. (California Natural History Guides 89).

Lemos-Espinal, J.A. 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the US-Mexico border states. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, 614 pp.

Lichtwardt, E. 1977. The urban lizard. Environment Southwest 479: 3-5.

Lillywhite, H.B. 1977. Effects of chaparral conversion on small vertebrates in southern California. Biological Conservation 11(3): 171-184.

Lind, A.J. 2008. Herpetofauna in the urban streams of Arcata, California, USA: the role of city planning and adjacent land uses. pp. 505-507. In: Mitchell, J.C.; Jung Brown, R.E.; Bartholomew, B. (eds.). Urban herpetology. SSAR (Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles), Utah. 586 pp.

Lisle, H.F. de 1963. Wildlife of the southern California Mountains. Am. Wildl. Reg. Ser. 5-B: 78-91.

Lisle, H.F. de 1976. Additional distribution notes to 'The herpetofauna of the San Gabriel mountains'. Herpetology 8(2): 13.

Livezey, R.L. 1963. Distribution of some Californian amphibians and reptiles. Herpetologica 18: 279-281.

Lockington, W.N. 1880. List of Californian reptiles and Batrachia collected by Mr. Dunn and Mr. W. J. Fisher in 1876. American Naturalist 14: 295.

Loomis, R.B.; Stephens, B.C. 1962. Records of snakes from Joshua Tree National Monument, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 61: 29-36.

Loomis, R.B.; Stephens, R.C. 1967. Additional notes on snakes taken in and near Joshua Tree National Monument, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 66: 1-22.

Lucas, R.S.; Vindum, J.V. 2000. New county records from Colusa, Glenn, Plumas, and Yuba counties, Mendocino and Plumas national forests, California, USA. Herpetological Review 31(3): 194-195.

Luckenbach, R.A.; Bury, R.B. 1983. Effects of off-road vehicles on the biota of the Algodones Dunes, Imperial County, California. Journal of Applied Ecology 20(1): 265-286.

Luke, C.; Sterner, D. 2000. Possible impacts of the Cantara spill on reptile populations along the upper Sacramento River. California Fish and Game 86(1): 61-71.

Macey, J.R. 1986. The biogeography of a herpetofaunal transition between the Great Basin and Mojave deserts. pp. 119-128. In: Hall, C.A., Jr & Young, D.J. (eds.). Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California and Western Nevada and High Altitude Physiology: University of California, White Mountain Research Station Symposium. Vol. 1, August 23-25, 1985. The Regents of the University of California, California. 240 pp.

Macey, J.R.; Papenfuss, T.J. 1991. Reptiles. California Natural History Guides 55: 291-360.

Magee, J.A. 1943. Poisonous snakes of southern California. Military Surgeon Washington D.C. 9(31): 85-90.

McKeown, M.S. 1974. Check-list of amphibians and reptiles of Santa Barbara County, California. Occasional Papers Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History 9: 1-11.

Meek, S.E. 1905. An annotated list of a collection of reptiles from southern California and northern Lower California. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series 7: 1-19.

Mierzwa, K.S. 1989. Legislative update and conservation notes. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 24(2): 35.

Miller, A.H.; Stebbins, R.C. 1964. The lives of desert animals in Joshua Tree National Monument. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley. 452 pp.

Mitchell, E. 1965. History of research at Sharktooth Hill, Kern County, California. Kern County Historical Society. 45 pp.

Montanucci, R.R. 1968. Notes on the distribution and ecology of some lizards in the San Joaquin Valley, California. Herpetologica 24: 316-320.

Mooney, H.A.; Hamburg, S.P.; Drake, J.A. 1986. The invasions of plants and animals into California. Ecological Studies Analysis and Synthesis 58: 250-272.

Morafka, D.J.; Banta, B.H. 1972. The herpetozoogeography of the Gabilan Range, San Benito and Monterey Counties, California. Wasmann Journal of Biology 30(1-2): 197-240.

Morafka, D.J.; Banta, B.H. 1976. Ecological relationhips of the recent herpetofauna of Pinnacles National Monument, Monterey and San Benito Counties, California. Wasmann Journal of Biology 34(2): 304-324.

Mosauer, W. 1932. Adaptive convergence in the sand-reptiles of the Sahara and of California: A study in structure and behavior. Copeia 1982: 72-78.

Mosauer, W. 1935. The reptiles of a sand dune area and its surroundings in the Colorado Desert, California: a study in habitat preference. Ecology 16(1): 13-27.

Murphy, J.C. 1990. A model for regional herpetological society field studies: the snakes of southern California, a proposal, and some thoughts on collecting. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 25(3): 42-45.

Olson, E.O.; Shedd, J.D.; Engstrom, T.N. 2016. A field inventory and collections summary of herpetofauna from the Sutter Buttes, an 'inland island' within California's Great Central Valley. Western North American Naturalist 76(3): 352-366.

Panik, H.R.; Barrett, S. 1994. Distribution of amphibians and reptiles along the Truckee River System. Northwest Science 68(3): 197-204.

Papenfuss, T.J. 1986. Amphibian and reptile diversity along elevational transects in the White-Inyo Range. pp. 129-136. In: Hall, C.A., Jr & Young, D.J. (eds.). Natural History of the White-Inyo Range, Eastern California and Western Nevada and High Altitude Physiology: University of California, White Mountain Research Station Symposium. Vol. 1, August 23-25, 1985. The Regents of the University of California, California. 240 pp.

Parker, J.M.; Brito, S. 2013. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Mojave Desert A Field Guide. Snell Press, Las Vegas. 184 pp.

Peabody, F.E.; Savage, J.M. 1958. Evolution of a coast range corridor in California and its effect on the origin and dispersal of living amphibians and reptiles. Publ. Amer. Ass. Advanc. Sci. 51: 159-186.

Pequegnat, W.E. 1945. A report upon the biota of the Santa Ana Mountains. Amphibia and reptiles. Journal Ent. Zool. 37: 1-7.

Pequegnat, W.E. 1947. A report upon the biota of the Santa Ana Mountains. Journal Ent. Zool. 39: 1-13, 21-36.

Pequegnat, W.E. 1951. The biota of the Santa Ana Mountains. Journal Ent. Zool. 42: 1-84.

Perkins, C.B. 1938. The snakes of San Diego County with descriptions and key. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 13: 1-66.

Perkins, C.B. 1949. The snakes of San Diego County with descriptions and key. 2nd ed. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 1949: 1-77.

Persons, T.B.; Nowak, E.M.; Hillard, S. 2006. Inventory of amphibians and reptiles at Manzanar National Historic Site, California. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1232: 1-27.

Powers, A.L.; Banta, B.H. 1973. Recent snakes of Nate Harrison Grade, Palomar Mountain, San Diego County, California. Herpeton 8(1): 4-7.

Quinn, R.D. 1983. Short-term effects of habitat management on small vertebrates in Chaparral. Cal-Neva Wildlife 1983: 55-66.

Raphael, M.G. 1984. Wildlife populations in relation to stand age and area in Douglas-fir forests of northwestern California. pp. 259-274. In: Meehan, W.R.; Merrell, T.R., Jr, & Hanley, T.A. (eds.). Fish and Wildlife Relationships in Old-Growth Forests. American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists. 425 pp.

Raphael, M.G. 1988. Long-term trends in abundance of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals in Douglas-fir forests of northwestern California. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM 166: 23-31.

Raphael, M.G. 1988. Long-term trends in abundance of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals in Douglas-fir forests of northwestern California. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM 166: 23-31.

Raphael, M.G. 1991. Vertebrate species richness within and among seral stages of Douglas-fir/hardwood forest in northwestern California. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PSW 285: 414-423.

Richmond, J.Q.; Rochester, C.J.; Smith, N.W.; Nordland, J.A.; Fisher, R.N. 2017. Rare alluvial sands of El Monte Valley, California (San Diego County), support high herpetofaunal species richness and diversity, despite severe habitat disturbance. Southwestern Naturalist 61(4): 294306.

Rissler, L.J.; Hijmans, R.J.; Graham, C.H.; Moritz, C.; Wake, D.B. 2006. Phylogeographic lineages and species comparisons in conservation analyses: a case study of California herpetofauna. American Naturalist 167(5): 655-666.

Rochester, C.J.; Brehme, C.S.; Clark, D.R.; Stokes, D.C.; Hathaway, S.A.; Fisher, R.N. 2010. Reptile and amphibian responses to large-scale wildfires in southern California. Journal of Herpetology 44(3): 333-351.

Rorabaugh, J. 1980. The reptiles and amphibians of eastern San Diego County. Environment Southwest 488: 23-27.

Rose, J.P.; Todd, B.D. 2017. Demographic effects of prolonged drought on a nascent introduction of a semi-aquatic snake. Biological Invasions 19(10): 2885-2898

Rosenberg, K.V.; Raphael, M.G. 1986. Effects of forest fragmentation on vertebrates in Douglas-fir forests. pp. 263-272. In: Verner, J.; Morrison, M.L. & Ralph, C.J. (eds.). Wildlife 2000: modelling habitat relationships of terrestrial vertebrates. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison & London. 470 pp.

Russell, F.E. 1960. Snake venom poisoning in southern California. California Med. 93: 347-350.

Sage, R.D. 1973. Ecological convergence of the lizard faunas of the Chaparral communities in Chile and California. Ecological Studies 7: 339-348.

Scheidt, V.N. 1989. Report of a herpetological field reconnaissance survey of Santa Cruz Island, Santa Barbara County, California. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 24(8): 141-143.

Shaw, C.E. 1950. The lizards of San Diego County with descriptions and key. Bulletin of the Zoological Society of San Diego 25: 1-63.

Simovich, M.A. 1979. Post fire reptile succession. Cal-Neva Wildlife 1979: 104-113.

Slevin, J.R. 1951. The San Felipe Road - a snake hunter's disappointment. Herpetologica 7: 191.

Smith, S.A.; Houck, W.J. 1984. Three species of Sea Turtles collected from northern California. California Fish and Game 70(1): 60-62.

Spencer, C.L.; Tierney, M.M.; Koo, M.S.; Vindum, J.V. 1998. New county records from Sierra and Nevada counties, Tahoe National Forest, California, USA. Herpetological Review 29(3): 182-183.

Sprackland, R.G. 2000. Notes on the herpetofauna of coastal Monterey County, California. Expedition Reports. Project 1999 02.

Stebbins, R.C. 1972. Amphibians and reptiles of California. (California Natural History Guides no. 31). University of California Press, Berkeley & London. 152 pp.

Stebbins, R.C. 1988. Reptiles: adaptations to desert ecosystems. Environment Southwest 522: 13-16.

Stebbins, R.C.; McGinnis, S.M. 2012. Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of California. Rev. ed. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 538 pp.

Stejneger, L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North Amer. Fauna 7: 159-228.

Stephens, F. 1921. An annotated list of the amphibians and reptiles of San Diego County, California. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 3 4: 57-69.

Stewart, G.R. 1971. Rare, endangered and depleted amphibians and reptiles in California. herpetology 5(2): 29-35.

Suarez, A.V.; Case, T.J. 2003. The ecological consequences of a fragmentation-mediated invasion: The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in southern California. Ecological Studies 162: 161-180.

Sullivan, B.K. 1981. Distribution and relative abundance of snakes along a transect in California. Journal of Herpetology 15(2): 247-248.

Thomson, R.C.; Wright, A.W.; Shaffer, H.B. 2016. California Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern. California Department of Fish and Wildlife & University of California Press, Berkeley, California. 390 pp.

Tomback, D.F. 2000. Reptiles. California Natural History Guides 60: 273-289.

Townsend, C.H. 1887. Field-notes on the mammals, birds, and reptiles of northern California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 1887: 159-241.

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