Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates





Related bibliographies:

Reptiles
Lizards
Ablepharus
Acontias
Acritoscincus
Alinea
Alpinoscincus
Amphiglossus
Anepischetosia
Anomalopus
Apterygodon
Aspronema
Asymblepharus
Ateuchosaurus
Austroablepharus
Barkudia
Bellatorias
Brachymeles
Brachyseps
Brasiliscincus
Caesoris
Caledoniscincus
Calyptotis
Capitellum
Carlia
Celatiscincus
Chalcides
Chalcidoseps
Chioninia
Concinnia
Copeoglossum
Cophoscincopus
Corucia
Cryptoblepharus
Ctenotus
Cyclodomorphus
Dasia
Egernia
Emoia
Epibator
Eremiascincus
Eroticoscincus
Eugongylus
Eulamprus
Eumeces
Eumecia
Eurylepis
Eutropis
Exila
Feylinia
Flexiseps
Fojia
Geomyersia
Geoscincus
Glaphyromorphus
Gongylomorphus
Graciliscincus
Grandidierina
Haackgreerius
Hakaria
Harrisoniascincus
Hemiergis
Heremites
Insulasaurus
Isopachys
Janetaescincus
Jarujinia
Kaestlea
Kanakysaurus
Kuniesaurus
Lacertaspis
Lacertoides
Lamprolepis
Lampropholis
Lankascincus
Larutia
Leiolopisma
Leptoseps
Leptosiaphos
Lerista
Liburnascincus
Liopholis
Lioscincus
Lipinia
Lissolepis
Lobulia
Lubuya
Lygisaurus
Lygosoma
Mabuya
Madascincus
Manciola
Maracaiba
Marisora
Marmorosphax
Melanoseps
Menetia
Mesoscincus
Mochlus
Morethia
Nannoscincus
Nessia
Niveoscincus
Notomabuya
Notoscincus
Nubeoscincus
Oligosoma
Ophiomorus
Ornithuroscincus
Orosaura
Otosaurus
Palaia
Pamelaescincus
Panaspis
Panopa
Papuascincus
Paracontias
Paralipinia
Parvoscincus
Phaeoscincus
Phasmasaurus
Phoboscincus
Pinoyscincus
Plestiodon
Prasinohaema
Proablepharus
Proscelotes
Pseudemoia
Pseudoacontias
Psychosaura
Pygmaeascincus
Pygomeles
Riopa
Ristella
Saiphos
Saproscincus
Scelotes
Scincella
Scincopus
Scincus
Scolecoseps
Sepsina
Sepsophis
Sigaloseps
Silvascincus
Simiscincus
Sphenomorphus
Spondylurus
Subdoluseps
Tachygyia
Techmarscincus
Tiliqua
Toenayar
Trachylepis
Tribolonotus
Tropidophorus
Tropidoscincus
Tumbunascincus
Typhlacontias
Typhlosaurus
Tytthoscincus
Varzea
Vietnascincus
Voeltzkowia

Africa
Asia
Australia
Central America
Europe
Malay Archipelago
Middle East
North America
South America
West Indies

Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Mediterranean Sea
Pacific Ocean









































































































































































































































































































































Taxonomy of the family Scincidae Biodiversity of the family Scincidae

Bibliography of the family
Scincidae
(Skinks)

(Reptilia: Sauria)

Note: In order to limit redundancy, relevant literature indexed in the related bibliographies in the left column may not have been included in this page. For a comprehensive search of literature, these bibliographies should therefore also be consulted.


Adler, G.H.; Austin, C.C.; Dudley, R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9(5): 529-541.

Ahl, E. 1933. Beschreibung einer neuen Eidechse aus dem Senegalgebiet. Zoologischer Anzeiger 101(11/12): 326-7.

Ahl, E. 1935. Beschreibung einer neuen Eidechse aus Westaustralien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 112: 204-205.

Andreone, F. 2003. Complementary information on the ecology and conservation of Malagasy skinks, with notes on the colouration of some recently described species. Herpetological Bulletin 83: 7-15.

Barabanov, A.; Milto, K.D, 2017. An annotated type catalogue of the anguid, dibamid, scincid and varanid lizards in the Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae, Dibamidae, Scincidae and Varanidae). Zootaxa 4244(1): 65–78.

Barbault, R. 1987. Clutch size and breeding patterns in tropical skinks. pp. 37-41. In: van Gelder, J.J.; Strijbosch, H. & Bergers, P.J.M. (eds.). Proceedings of the 4th Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica. Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Faculty of Sciences, Nijmegen. 473 pp.

Baverstock, P.R.; Donnellan, S.C. 1990. Molecular evolution in Australian dragons and skinks: a progress report. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 29(2): 323-331.

Bennett, A.F.; John-Alder, H. 1986. Thermal relations of some Australian skinks (Sauria: Scincidae). Copeia 1986(1): 57-64.

Bennett, D. 2000. Australia - lizards of the Great Victoria Desert. Part 1. Reptilia (GB) 10: 56-59.

Bissinger, B.E.; Simon, C.A. 1979. Comparison of tongue extrusions in representatives of six families of lizards. Journal of Herpetology 13(2): 133-139.

Blanford, M.J. 1993. A checklist and key to the skinks of Central Africa. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 28(7): 140-143.

Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 3. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. British Museum (Natural History), London. 575 pp. (Reprinted in 1965 by Wheldon & Wesley, Codicote, and Cramer, Weinheim).

Bower, D.S.; Valentine, L.E.; Grice, A.C.; Hodgson, L.; Schwarzkopf, L. 2014. A trade-off in conservation: Weed management decreases the abundance of common reptile and frog species while restoring an invaded floodplain. Biological Conservation 178: 123-128.

Brandley, M.C.; Ota, H.; Hikida, T.; Nieto-Montes de Oca, A.; Feria-Ortiz, M.; Guo, X.G.; Wang, Y. 2012. The phylogenetic systematics of blue-tailed skinks (Plestiodon) and the family Scincidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165(1): 163-189.

Brandley, M.C.; Schmitz, A.; Reeder, T.W. 2005. Partitioned Bayesian analyses, partition choice, and the phylogenetic relationships of scincid lizards. Systematic Biology 54(3): 373-390.

Broadley, D.G. 1997. Family Scincidae. pp. 66-75. In: Wyk, J.H. van (ed.). Proceedings of the FitzSimons Commemorative Symposium (South African lizards: 50 years of progress) and Third H.A.A. Symposium on African herpetology: held at the Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Africa, 11-15 October 1993. Herpetological Association of Africa, Matieland. 227 pp.

Brongersma, L.D. 1942. Notes on Scincid lizards. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 24(1-2): 125-152.

Brown, D. 2012. A Guide to Australian Skinks in Captivity. Australian Birdkeeper / Reptile Publications, Burleigh, Queensland. 360 pp.

Brown, G.W. 1991. Ecological feeding analysis of south-eastern Australian scincids (Reptilia: Lacertilia). Australian Journal of Zoology 39(1): 9-29.

Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types de scincides (reptiles, sauriens) du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle. Catalogue critique. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section A Zoologie Biologie et Ecologie Animales 7(3): 1-126.

Caputo, V. 1991. The secondary palate in squamates: structure and functional hypotheses. Collana U.Z.I. Selected Symposia and Monographs 5: 307-324.

Carranza, S.; Arnold, E.N.; Geniez, P.; Roca, J.; Mateo, J.A. 2008. Radiation, multiple dispersal and parallelism in the skinks, Chalcides and Sphenops (Squamata: Scincidae), with comments on Scincus and Scincopus and the age of the Sahara Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46(3): 1071-1094.

Daniels, S.R.; Heideman, N.; Hendricks, M.; Willson, B. 2002. A molecular phylogeny for the South African limbless lizard taxa of the subfamily Acontinae (Sauria: Scincidae) with special emphasis on relationships within Acontias. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24(2): 315-323.

Daniels, S.R.; Heideman, N.J.L.; Hendricks, M.G.J.; Crandall, K.A. 2006. Taxonomic subdivisions within the fossorial skink subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae) reconsidered: a multilocus perspective. Zoologica Scripta 35(4): 353-362.

Deuti, K.; Raha, S.; Bag, P.; Debnath, S.; Varadaraju; Chandra, K. 2016. Skinks of eastern and north-eastern India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. 96 pp.

Ditmars, R.L. 1904. Observations on lacertilians. Rep. Zool. Soc. New York 8 [1903]: 146-160.

Doerr, E.D.; Doerr, V.A.J. 2002. Utilization of nectar and other non-insect food resources by treecreepers. Corella 26(1): 22-23.

Dowling, H.G. 1964. What is a skink? A cosmopolitan reptile. Animal Kingdom 67: 142-143.

Faithfull, I. 1991. Skink as prey of hooded robin. Victorian Naturalist 108(6): 138.

Falkingham, C. 1983. Grey butcherbird and magpies. Bird Observer 618: 53-54.

Fisk, R.M. 1976. The role of the trunk in the locomotion of some scincid lizards. (Abstract). Herpetological Review 7(2): 81-82.

Fisk, R.M. 1980. Comparative functional morphology of trunk and tail in a series of sandswimming lizards of the family Scincidae. Dissertation Abstracts International B Sciences and Engineering 41(1): 25.

García-Vázquez, U.O.; Feria-Ortiz, M. 2006. Skinks of Mexico. Reptilia (GB) 49: 74-79.

Garland, T.; Huey, R.B.; Bennett, A.F. 1991. Phylogeny and coadaptation of thermal physiology in lizards: a reanalysis. Evolution 45(8): 1969-1975.

Gaulke, M. 2010. Inkubation umgelagerter Echsengelege 'Überraschungs-Eier' und ihre 'bewegte' Geschichte (II). DATZ (Die Aquarien- und Terrarien-Zeitschrift) 63(5): 60-63.

Ghiara, G.; Angelini, F.; Zerani, M.; Gobbetti, A.; Cafiero, G.; Caputo, V. 1988. Evolution of viviparity in Scincidae (Reptilia, Lacertilia). Acta Embryologiae et Morphologiae Experimentalis 8(2-3): 187-201.

Giovannotti, M.; Caputo, V.; O'Brien, P.C.M.; Lovell, F.L.; Trifonov, V.; Cerioni, P.N.; Olmo, E.; Ferguson-Smith, M.A.; Rens, W. 2009. Skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) have highly conserved karyotypes as revealed by chromosome painting. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 127(2-4): 224-231.

Goodman, B.A. 2009. Nowhere to run: the role of habitat openness and refuge use in defining patterns of morphological and performance evolution in tropical lizards. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(7): 1535-1544.

Goodman, B.A.; Hudson, S.C.; Isaac, J.L.; Schwarzkopf, L. 2009. The evolution of body shape in response to habitat: is reproductive output reduced in flat lizards? Evolution 63(5): 1279-1291.

Goodman, B.A.; Isaac, J.L. 2008. Convergent body flattening in a clade of tropical rock-using lizards (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94(2): 399-411.

Goodman, B.A.; Krockenberger, A.K.; Schwarzkopf, L. 2007. Master of them all: performance specialization does not result in trade-offs in tropical lizards. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9(3): 527-546.

Gordon, D.H.; Haacke, W.D.; Jacobsen, N.H.G. 1989. Chromosomal studies of relationships in Gekkonidae, Chamaeleonidae and Scincidae in South Africa. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 36(1): 77.

Greer, A.E. 1967. A new generic arrangement for some Australian scincid lizards. Breviora 267: 1-19.

Greer, A.E. 1968. The predominance of oviparity as a mode of reproduction in scincid lizards. Copeia 1968: 171.

Greer, A.E. 1970. A subfamilial classification of scincid lizards. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 139: 151-184.

Greer, A.E. 1970. The systematics and evolution of the Subsaharan Africa, Seychelles, and Mauritius scincine scincid lizards. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 140: 1-23.

Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology (Supplementary Series) 31: 1-67.

Greer, A.E. 1976. A most successful invasion. The diversity of Australia's skinks. Australian Natural History 18(12): 428-433.

Greer, A.E. 1977. On the adaptive significance of the loss of an oviduct in reptiles. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 101(4): 242-249.

Greer, A.E. 1979. A phylogenetic subdivision of Australian skinks. Records of the Australian Museum 32(8): 339-371.

Greer, A.E. 1980. Critical thermal maximum temperatures in Australian scincid lizards: their ecological and evolutionary significance. Australian Journal of Zoology 28(1): 91-102.

Greer, A.E. 1983. On the adaptive significance of the reptilian spectacle: the evidence from scincid, teiid, and lacertid lizards. pp. 213-221. In: Rhodin, A.G.J. & Miyata, K. (eds.). Advances in herpetology and evolutionary biology. Essays in honor of Ernest E. Williams. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 725 pp.

Greer, A.E. 1986. Lygosomine (Scincidae) monophyly: a third: corroborating character and a reply to critics. Journal of Herpetology 20(1): 123-126.

Greer, A.E. 1990. Overlap pattern in the preanal scale row: an important systematic character in skinks. Journal of Herpetology 24(3): 328-330.

Greer, A.E. 2001. Distribution of maximum snout-vent length among species of scincid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 35(3): 383-395.

Greer, A.E. 2002. The loss of the external ear opening in scincid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 36(4): 544-555.

Greer, A.E.; Chong, J. 2007. Number of maxillary teeth in scincid lizards: Lineage characteristics and ecological implications. Journal of Herpetology 41(1): 94-101.

Greer, A.E.; Parker, F. 1968. Geomyersia glabra, a new genus and species of scincid lizard from Bougainville, Solomon Islands, with comments on the relationships of some lygosomine genera. Breviora 302: 1-17.

Greer, A.E.; Shea, G. 2003. Secondary temporal scale overlap pattern: a character of possible broad systematics importance in sphenomorphine skinks. Journal of Herpetology 37(3): 545-549.

Greer, A.E.; Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38(1): 79-87.

Greer, A.E.; Shea, G.M. 2000. A major new head scale character in non-lygosomine scincid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 34(4): 629-634.

Greer, A.E.; Wadsworth, L. 2003. Body shape in skinks: the relationship between relative hind limb length and relative snout-vent length. Journal of Herpetology 37(3): 554-559.

Guibé, J. 1950. Contribution a l'étude de l'Air (Mission L. Chopard et A. Villiers). Mem. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire 10: 229-332.

Hardy, G.S. 1982. Review of some aspects of New Zealand skink taxonomy. Occasional Publication New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Wildlife Services 2: 349-357.

Hardy, G.S.; Hicks, G.R.F. 1980. Proposed removal of Leiolopisma(?) fasciolare from the checklist of New Zealand Scincidae (Reptilia: Lacertilia), and a note on the name Hombronia. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7(3): 425-426.

Hauschild, A. 2002. Skinks. Reptilia (GB) 20: 10-15.

Hauschild, A.; Gassner, P. 1995. Skinke im Terrarium. Landbuch, Hannover. 197 pp.

Hedges, S.B. 2014. The high-level classification of skinks (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincomorpha). Zootaxa 3765(4): 317–338.

Hedges, S.B.; Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244.

Hickson, R.E.; Slack, K.E.; Lockhart, P. 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70(3): 415-433.

Honda, M.; Ota, H.; Kobayashi, M.; Nabhitabhata, J.; Yong, H.S.; Hikida, T. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships, character evolution, and biogeography of the subfamily Lygosominae (Reptilia: Scincidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15(3): 452-461.

Honda, M.; Ota, H.; Köhler, G.; Ineich, I.; Chirio, L.; Chen, S.L.; Hikida, T. 2003. Phylogeny of the lizard subfamily Lygosominae (Reptilia: Scincidae), with special reference to the origin of the New World taxa. Genes and Genetic Systems 78(1): 71-80.

Hoser, R.T. 2015. A revision of the genus level taxonomy of the Acontinae and Scincinae, with the creation of new genera, subgenera, tribes and subtribes. (1st part). Australasian Journal of Herpetology 28: 1-64.

Hoser, R.T. 2015. A revision of the genus level taxonomy of the Acontinae and Scincinae, with the creation of new genera, subgenera, tribes and subtribes. (2nd part). Australasian Journal of Herpetology 29: 65-128.

Huey, R.B.; Bennett, A.F. 1987. Phylogenetic studies of coadaptation: preferred temperatures versus optimal performance temperatures of lizards. Evolution 41(5): 1098-1115.

Hutchinson, M.N. 1992. Origins of the Australian scincid lizards: a preliminary report on the skinks of Riversleigh. Beagle 9(1): 61-69.

Hutchinson, M.N. 1993. Family Scincidae. pp. 261-279. In: Glasby, C.J.; Ross, G.J.B. & Beesley, P.L. (eds.). Fauna of Australia. Vol. 2A. Amphibia & Reptilia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. 439 pp.

Irschick, D.J.; Austin, C.C.; Petren, K.; Fisher, R.N.; Losos, J.B.; Ellers, O. 1996. A comparative analysis of clinging ability among pad-bearing lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59(1): 21-35.

Keller, S.G. 1959. A family of skinks. Andubon Mag. 61: 208-211.

Khan, M.R.Z.; Khan, M.S. 2000. Checklist and key to the scincid lizards of Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 32(2): 103-109.

King, M. 1973. Karyotypic studies on some Australian Scincidae (Reptilia). Australian Journal of Zoology 21(1): 21-32.

Kopstein, F. 1926. Reptilien von den Molukken und den Benachbarten Inseln. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 9: 71-112.

Kupriyanova, L.A. 1986. On karyotype evolution in lizards. pp. 85-88. In: Rocek, Z. (ed.). Studies in herpetology. Proceedings of the European Herpetological Meeting (3rd Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica) Prague 1985. Charles University, Prague. 754 pp.

Lamb, T.; Biswas, S.; Bauer, A.M. 2010. A phylogenetic reassessment of African fossorial skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae): evidence for parallelism and polyphyly. Zootaxa 2657: 33-46.

Lambert, S.M.; Reeder, T.W.; Wiens, J.J. 2015. When do species-tree and concatenated estimates disagree? An empirical analysis with higher-level scincid lizard phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82(A): 146-155.

Lambiris, A.J.L. 1992. Preliminary remarks on the use of osteoderms as an adjunct to the taxonomy of southern African lizards. Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 40: 14-18.

Leonard, C.J. 1981. Evolution of limblessness among scincid lizards of South Africa. (Abstract). South African Journal of Science 77(2): 94.

Linkem, C.W. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Sphenomorphini (Squamata: Scincidae). Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence.

Linkem, C.W.; Minin, V.N.; Leaché, A.D. 2016. Detecting the anomaly zone in species trees and evidence for a misleading signal in higher-level skink phylogeny (Squamata: Scincidae). Systematic Biology 65(3): 465-477.

Mackay, R.D. 1981. Nesting and description of young of long-billed honeyeater (Melilestes megarhynchus). Papua New Guinea Bird Society Newsletter 181-182: 15-17.

McClellan, W.H. 1943. Recent notes on the breeding of captive skinks. Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. Maryland 13(5): 78-79.

Meek, P.D. 1998. Food items brought home by domestic cats Felis catus (L.) living in Booderee National Park, Jervis Bay. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 120: 43-47.

Mertens, R. 1972. Nachtrag und Berichtigung zu "Senkrecht-ovale Pupillen" in dieser Zeitschrift, 8: 45 (1972). Salamandra 8(3-4): 187.

Mertens, R. 1972. Senkrecht-ovale Pupillen bei Taggeckos und Skinken. Salamandra 8(1): 45-47.

Mesquita, D.O.; Colli, G.R.; Pantoja, D.L.; Shepard, D.B.; Vieira, G.H.C.; Vitt, L.J. 2015. Juxtaposition and disturbance: disentangling the determinants of lizard community structure. Biotropica 47(5): 595-605.

Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the lizards of the subfamily Lygosominae. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 117(17): 1-35.

Mocquard, F. 1896. Sur quelques reptiles et batraciens nouveaux du Haut-Oubanghi. Congr. Zool. Leyden 1896: 231-234.

Mys, B. 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Biologie 58: 127-183.

Nicholson, E.; Lill, A.; Andersen, A. 2006. Do tropical savanna skink assemblages show a short-term response to low-intensity fire? Wildlife Research 33(4): 331-338.

Okada, S.; Ota, H.; Hasegawa, M.; Hikida, T.; Miyaguni, H.; Kato, J. 1992. Reproductive traits of seven species of lygosomine skinks (Squamata: Reptilia) from East Asia. Natural History Research 2(1): 43-52.

Oliver, J.A. 1951. Ontogenetic changes in osteodermal ornamentation in skinks. Copeia 1951: 127-130.

Olivier, B. 2009. Unexpected Cape grassbird prey item. Promerops 277: 9.

Olmo, E.; Capriglione, T.; Odierna, G.; Caputo, V.; Canapa, A. 1995. Results and perspectives in the study of scincomorph karyology. pp. 53-67. In: Llorente, G.A.; Montori, A.; Santos, X. & Carretero, M.A. (eds.). Scientia Herpetologica: papers submitted from the 7th Ordinary General Meeting of Societas Europaea Herpetologica, Barcelona, September 15-19, 1993. Asociacion Herpetologica Espanola, Barcelona. 385 pp.

Olson, R.E.; Marx, B.; Rome, R. 1986. Descriptive dentition morphology of lizards of Middle & North America. 1: Scincidae, Teiidae, and Helodermatidae. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 22(3): 97-124.

Peters, W.C.H. 1864. Über die Eidechsen-Familie der Scincoiden, insbesondere über die Schneider'schen, Wiegmann'schen und neue Arten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsber. Acad. Wiss. Berlin 1864: 44-58.

Peters, W.C.H. 1864. Über die Eidechsenfamilie der Scincoiden, insbesondere über die Schneider'schen, Wiegmann'schen und neue Arten des zoologischen Museums. Monatsberichte der Königlich Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864(January): 44-58.

Rathor, M.S. 1971. Dermal scutes in certain genera and species of the family Scincidae. Gegenbaurs Morph. Jb. 116(2): 225-230.

Raynaud, A.; Perret, J.L.; Bons, J.; Clergue-Gazeau, M. 1989. Modalites de la reduction digitale chez quelques scincides africains (reptiles). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 96(4): 779-802.

Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the Crocodile Skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27(3): 384-397.

Reid, D. 1984. Spotlight on skinks. Practical Fishkeeping 1984(November): 64-65.

Rieppel, O. 1980. The trigeminal jaw adductor musculature of Tupinambis, with comments on the phylogenetic relationships of the Teiidae (Reptilia, Lacertilia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 69(1): 1-29.

Rogner, M. 1994. Echsen 2. Haltung, Pflege und Zucht im Terrarium. Warane, Skinke und andere Echsen sowie Brückenechsen und Krokodile. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. 270 pp.

Rogner, M. 1997. Lizards. Vol. 2. Monitors, skinks and other lizards including tuataras and crocodilians. Krieger, Malabar, Florida. 317 pp. (Translation of German 1994 original).

Rosauer, D.F.; Blom, M.P.K.; Bourke, G.; Catalano, S.; Donnellan, S.; Gillespie, G.; Mulder, E.; Oliver, P.M.; Potter, S.; Pratt, R.C.; Rabosky, D.L.; Skipwith, P.L.; Moritz, C. 2016. Phylogeography, hotspots and conservation priorities: an example from the Top End of Australia. Biological Conservation 204(A): 83-93.

Rose, A. 1999. Notes on the diet of the superb lyrebird Menura novaehollandiae in central-eastern New South Wales. Australian Bird Watcher 18(1): 35-37.

Schmitz, A. 2003. Taxonomic and phylogenetic studies on scincid lizards (Reptilia: Scincidae). Ph.D. thesis, University of Bonn. 262 pp.

Schmitz, A.; Brandley, M.C.; Mausfeld, P.; Vences, M.; Glaw, F.; Nussbaum, R.A.; Reeder, T.W. 2005. Opening the black box: phylogenetics and morphological evolution of the Malagasy fossorial lizards of the subfamily "Scincinae". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(1): 118-133.

Schuster, M.N. 1981. Origins and historical biogeography of eastern Australian rainforest Scincidae. pp. 17-21. In: Banks, C.B. & Martin, A.A. Proceedings of the Melbourne Herpetological Symposium May 19-21, 1980. Zoological Board of Victoria, The Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, Parkville, Victoria 3052. 199 pp.

Shea, G.M. 1987. Oviparity in Leiolopisma jigurru and a brief review of reproductive mode in Leiolopisma. Herpetological Review 18(2): 29-32.

Shine, R. 1983. Reptilian viviparity in cold climates: testing the assumptions of an evolutionary hypothesis. Oecologia (Heidelberg) 57(3): 397-405.

Skinner, A.; Hugall, A.F.; Hutchinson, M.N. 2011. Lygosomine phylogeny and the origins of Australian scincid lizards. Journal of Biogeography 38(6): 1044-1058.

Strahan, N.R.; How, R.A.; Dell, J. 1998. Reproduction and diet in four species of burrowing snakes (Simoselaps spp.) from southwestern Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 19(1): 57-63.

Strauch, A. 1868. Über die Arten der Eidechsen-Gattung Ablepharus (Fitz.). Bull. Ac. Sc. St. Petersb. l° 12: 359-371.

Tiedemann, M.A.; Tiedemann, F. 1975. Vergleichend anatomische Untersuchungen an Schulter- und Beckengürtel verschiedener südafrikanischer Skinkarten mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Reduktionserscheinungen. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 124: 1-80.

Towns, D.R.; Ferreira, S.M.; Cruddace, N.; Oldham, R.S.; Burke, T. 2001. Conservation of New Zealand lizards (Lacertilia: Scincidae) by translocation of small populations. Biological Conservation 98(2): 211-222.

Towns, D.R.; Miller, K.A.; Nelson, N.J.; Chapple, D.G. 2016. Can translocations to islands reduce extinction risk for reptiles? Case studies from New Zealand. Biological Conservation 204(A): 120-127.

Walls, J.G. 1994. The Guide to Owning Skinks. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 64 pp.

Watson, C.M.; Makowsky, R.; Bagley, J.C. 2014. Reproductive mode evolution in lizards revisited: updated analyses examining geographic, climatic and phylogenetic effects support the cold-climate hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27(12): 2767-2780.

Watson, C.M.; Roelke, C.E.; Pasichnyk, P.N.; Cox, C.L. 2012. The fitness consequences of the autotomous blue tail in lizards: an empirical test of predator response using clay models. Zoology (Jena) 115(5): 339-344.

Welch, K.R.G. 1982. Herpetology of the Old World. 2. Preliminary comments on the classification of skinks (family Scincidae) with specific reference to those genera found in Africa, Europe and southwest Asia. Herptile 7(4): 25-27.

Wever, E.G. 1970. The lizard ear: Scincidae. Journal of Morphology 132: 277-292.

Whitaker, A.H. 1987. The roles of lizards in New Zealand plant reproductive strategies. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25(2): 315-328.

Whitaker, T. 1987. Of herbs and herps - the possible roles of lizards in plant reproduction. Forest & Bird (Wellington) 18(3): 20-22.

Whiting, A.S.; Bauer, A.M.; Sites, J.W. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29(3): 582-598.

Williams, E.E.; Peterson, J.A. 1982. Convergent and alternative designs in the digital adhesive pads of scincid lizards. Science (Washington, D.C.) 215(4539): 1509-1511.

Witte, G.F. de; Laurent, R.F. 1943. Contribution a la systematique des formes degradees de la famille des Scincidae, apparentee au genre Scelotes Fitzinger. Mem. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belge (Ser. 2) 26: 1-44.