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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Ichnotropis
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


Rough-scaled Lizards, Rough-scaled Sand Lizards



1854 Ichnotropis Peters (type species: Ichnotropis macrolepidota Peters 1854)
Contents: 6 species, of which 3 (50.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Meroles squamulosus.
Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Botswana, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Ichnotropis bivittata

Angolan Rough-scaled Lizard

Angolische Rauhschuppen-Eidechse

Angolansk Ruskælfirben

1866 Ichnotropis bivittata Bocage
Ichnotropis capensis bivittata Laurent 1952
1964 Ichnotropis bivittata pallida Laurent

Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Gabon, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia.

Ichnotropis capensis

Southern Rough-scaled Lizard, Ornate Rough-scaled Lizard, (Cape Rough-scaled Lizard)

Südliche Rauhschuppen-Eidechse

Sydligt Ruskælfirben

1838 Algyra capensis Smith
Ichnotropis capensis Boulenger 1887
1849 Tropidosaura dumerilii Smith (Fitzsimons 1943)
1854 Ichnotropis macrolepidota Peters (Fitzsimons 1943; Smith & Chiszar 1989; Broadley & Howell 1991)
1902 Ichnotropis longipes Boulenger (Loveridge 1953)
1942 Ichnotropis overlaeti Witte & Laurent (Laurent 1964)
Ichnotropis capensis overlaeti Marques, Ceriaco, Blackburn & Bauer 2018
1952 Ichnotropis capensis nigrescens Laurent

Remarks: Duméril & Bibron's (1839) record (as Tropidosaura capensis) refer to Tropidosaura montana (Berg 2017). Marques, Ceriaco, Blackburn & Bauer (2018) suggested that overlaeti might represent a separate species.
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Ichnotropis chapini

Aba Rough-scaled Lizard


Congolesisk Ruskælfirben

1919 Ichnotropis chapini Schmidt
Ichnotropis capensis chapini Laurent 1952

Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.

Ichnotropis grandiceps

Caprivi Rough-scaled Lizard



1967 Ichnotropis grandiceps Broadley

Distribution: Botswana, Namibia, Zambia.

Ichnotropis microlepidota

Benguela Rough-scaled Lizard



1956 Ichnotropis microlepidota Marx

Remarks: Not mentioned by Manacas (1963) or Laurent (1964), who presumably did not consider microlepidota a valid species. Mayer (2015) and Berg (2017) questioned the validity of this species, however, the latter author retained the species, pending further studies.
Distribution: Angola.

Ichnotropis tanganicana

Tanzanian Rough-scaled Lizard

Tansanianische Rauhschuppen-Eidechse

Tanzaniansk Ruskælfirben

1917 Ichnotropis tanganicana Boulenger
Ichnotropis capensis tanganica Laurent 1952

Remarks: Berg (2017) questioned the validity of this species.
Distribution: Tanzania.