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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: October 31st, 2023.

Taxonomy of the family Scincidae
Bibliography of the genus Panaspis
Biodiversity of the family Scincidae


African Snake-eyed Skinks, African Lidless Skinks

Afrikanische Natternaugen

Afrikanske Brilleskinker

1868 Panaspis Cope (type species: Panaspis aeneus Cope 1868)
1974 Afroablepharus Greer (type species: Cryptoblepharus walbergii Smith 1849; syn. Medina, Bauer, Branch, Schmitz, Conradie, Nagy, Hibbitts, Ernst, Portik, Nielsen, Colston, Kusamba, Behangana, Rödel & Greenbaum 2016)
Contents: 20 species, of which 11 (55.0%) are endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously included Leptosiaphos. Afroablepharus was previously regarded as a synonym of Panaspis (e.g., Broadley 1989), then as a valid genus, and most recently again as a synonym of Panaspis. Two species (africanus, annobonensis) are included in Panaspis on the basis of Schmitz, Ineich & Chirio (2005) and Jesus, Harris & Brehm (2007), who placed these two species in Afroablepharus, despite the absence of an ablepharine eye ("snake-eye") characteristic of the remaining species of the genus.
Distribution: SubSaharan Africa.
Reported from: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Annobon, Bioko, Rio Muni), Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [Benguerua]), Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome & Principe (Principe, Rolas Island, Santana Islet, Sao Tome), Senegal, Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Sudan, Tanzania, Togo. Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Panaspis africanus

Principe Snake-eyed Skink



1845 Mocoa africana Gray
Lygosoma africanum Peters 1874
Riopa africanum Smith 1937
Leiolopisma africana Mittleman 1952
Panaspis africana Fuhn 1972
Leptosiaphos africana Haft 1993
Afroablepharus africanus Jesus, Harris & Brehm 2007

Remarks: Previously included annobonensis and the population now assigned to thomensis.
Distribution: Sao Tome & Principe (Principe).

Panaspis annettesabinae

Oromia Snake-eyed Skink, (Sabin's Snake-Eyed Skink)



2020 Panaspis annettesabinae Colston, Pyron & Bauer

Distribution: Ethiopia.

Panaspis annobonensis

Annobon Snake-eyed Skink



1972 Panaspis africana annobonensis Fuhn
Panaspis annobonensis Perret 1973
Leptosiaphos annobonensis Broadley 1989
Afroablepharus annobonensis Jesus, Harris & Brehm 2007

Remarks: Validity as a separate species confirmed by Soares, Ceríaco, Marques, Bastos-Silveira, Scheinberg, Harris, Brehm & Jesus (2018).
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Annobon).

Panaspis breviceps

Short-headed Snake-eyed Skink


Korthovedet Brilleskink

1873 Euprepes breviceps Peters
Lygosoma breviceps Boulenger 1887
Riopa breviceps Smith 1937
Panaspis breviceps Mittleman 1952
Leptosiaphos breviceps Broadley 1989
1900 Mabuia batesi Boulenger (Fuhn 1972)
1909 Lygosoma buchneri Werner (Fuhn 1972)
1917 Lygosoma auricillatum Chabanaud (Fuhn 1972)

Distribution: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Rio Muni), Gabon, Nigeria.

Panaspis cabindae

Cabinda Snake-eyed Skink



1866 Ablepharus cabindae Bocage
Riopa cabindae Smith 1937
Panaspis cabindae Mittleman 1952
1868 Panaspis aeneus Cope (Fuhn 1970)

Distribution: Angola (incl. Cabinda), Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.

Panaspis duruarum

Cameroon Snake-eyed Skink

Kamerunisches Natternauge

Camerounsk Brilleskink

1949 Ablepharus duruarum Monard
Panaspis duruarum Fuhn 1969
Afroablepharus duruarus Greer 1974

Distribution: Cameroon.

Panaspis maculicollus

Spotted-neck Snake-eyed Skink

Halsfleckiges Natternauge

Halsplettet Brilleskink

2000 Panaspis maculicollus Jacobsen & Broadley

Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga), Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Panaspis massaiensis

Masai Snake-eyed Skink



1924 Ablepharus massaiensis Angel
Panaspis massaiensis Kilunda, Conradie, Wasonga, Jin, Peng, Murphy, Malonza & Che 2019

Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym of wahlbergii (e.g., Fuhn 1970). Revalidated as a separate species by Kilunda, Conradie, Wasonga, Jin, Peng, Murphy, Malonza & Che (2019).
Distribution: Kenya.

Panaspis megalurus

Tanzanian Blue-tailed Snake-eyed Skink

Tansanianisches Blauschwanz-Natternauge

Tanzaniansk Blåhalet Brilleskink

1913 Ablepharus megalurus Nieden
Panaspis megalurus Fuhn 1970
Afroablepharus megalurus Greer 1974

Remarks: Jacobsen & Broadley (2000) erroneously stated that megalurus is known only from the Sudan. The authors presumably had wilsoni in mind.
Distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania.

Panaspis mocamedensis

Moçamedes Snake-eyed Skink



2020 Panaspis mocamedensis Ceríaco, Heinicke, Parker, Marques & Bauer

Distribution: Angola.

Panaspis namibiana

Namibian Snake-eyed Skink

Namibianisches Natternauge

Namibiansk Brilleskink

2018 Panaspis namibiana Ceríaco, Branch & Bauer

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of wahlbergii.
Distribution: Namibia.

Panaspis seydeli

Congolese Snake-eyed Skink, (Seydel's Snake-eyed Skink)

Kongolesisches Natternauge

Congolesisk Brilleskink

1933 Ablepharus seydeli Witte
Panaspis seydeli Broadley & Cotterill 2004
1933 Ablepharus moeruensis Witte
1955 Ablepharus anselli Fitzsimons (Largen & Spawls 2010, by implication)

Other common names:
smithi: Upempa Snake-eyed Skink
Remarks: Regarded as a synonym of tancredii by Broadley (1989), but as a separate species by Fuhn (1970) and Largen & Spawls (2010, by implication). Previously included smithi.
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia.

Panaspis smithi

Upemba Snake-eyed Skink



1936 Ablepharus smithi De Witte
Panaspis smithi Broadley 1989

Remarks: Regarded by some authors as a synonym of seydeli (e.g., Ceríaco, Branch & Bauer 2018 [by implication]). The Reptile Database consider smithi 'readily distinguished' from seydeli, based on pers. comm. with the late D.G. Broadley, however, they still list it as a synonym of seydeli, presumably pending a formal revalidation of smithi. It is tentatively considered a valid species herein, following Broadley (1989).
Distribution: Congo-Kinshasa.

Panaspis tancredii

Dabarif Snake-eyed Skink, (Ethiopian Snake-eyed Skink)



1909 Ablepharus tancredii Boulenger
Panaspis tancredii Fuhn 1970
Afroablepharus tancredi Greer 1974

Remarks: Previously included seydeli (e.g., Broadley 1989), but regarded by Fuhn (1970) and by Largen & Spawls (2010) as a separate species. According to the latter authors, tancredii is known only from a single Ethiopian specimen. Fuhn's (1970) record from Zambia refer to anselli, here consequently regarded as a synonym of seydeli. All other records of tancredii from outside Ethiopia are herein also tentatively referred to seydeli.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Panaspis thomensis

São Tomé Snake-eyed Skink


São Tomé-brilleskink

2018 Panaspis thomensis Soares, Ceríaco, Marques, Bastos-Silveira, Scheinberg, Harris, Brehm & Jesus

Remarks: Previously regarded as a population of africanus.
Distribution: São Tomé & Príncipe (São Tomé, incl. Rolas Island and Santana Islet).

Panaspis togoensis

Togo Snake-eyed Skink


Togoansk Brilleskink

1902 Lygosoma togoense Werner
Riopa togoense Smith 1937
Panaspis togoensis Mittleman 1952
Panaspis breviceps togoensis Grandison 1956
Lygosoma breviceps togoense Loveridge 1952
Leptosiaphos togoensis Broadley 1989
1913 Lygosoma kitsoni Boulenger (Barbault 1974; Perret 1975)
1916 Lygosoma houyi Sternfeld (Schmitz, Ineich & Chirio & 2005)
1917 ? Lygosoma spurrelli Boulenger (Loveridge 1952)
1917 Lygosoma dahomeyense Chabanaud (Loveridge 1952)

Distribution: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo.

Panaspis tristaoi

Nimba Snake-eyed Skink, (Tristao's Lidless Skink)



1940 Riopa tristaoi Monard
Panaspis tristaoi Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012
1944 Lygosoma nimbense Angel (Trape, Trape & Chirio 2012)
Panaspis nimbense Mittleman 1952
Leptosiaphos nimbensis Broadley 1989
Panaspis nimbaense [sic] Ceríaco, Branch & Bauer 2018

Remarks: Previously (as nimbense) regarded as a synonym of togoensis (e.g., Loveridge 1952).
Distribution: Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Senegal.

Panaspis tsavoensis

Tsavo Snake-eyed Skink



2019 Panaspis tsavoensis Kilunda, Conradie, Wasonga, Jin, Peng, Murphy, Malonza & Che

Distribution: Kenya.

Panaspis wahlbergii

Savanna Snake-eyed Skink, (Wahlberg's Snake-eyed Skink, Wahlberg's Dwarf Skink)



1849 Cryptoblepharus walbergii Smith
Ablepharus wahlbergii Peters 1882
Panaspis wahlbergii Fuhn 1970
Afroablepharus wahlbergi Greer 1974
1894 Ablepharus carsonii Boulenger (Fuhn 1970)

Remarks: Previously included massaiensis and the populations now assigned to maculicollus, namibiana, and tsavoensis. Older records of wahlbergii from Namibia refer to maculicollus and namibiana (Jacobsen & Broadley 2000; Griffin 2003; Ceríaco, Branch & Bauer 2018). Records from Saudi Arabia and Yemen (Al-Jumaily 1984) refer to Ablepharus pannonicus (Arnold 1986; Schätti 1989). Greenbaum, Bauer & Jackman (2007) pointed out that walbergii is the original spelling of the specific epithet, however, Smith corrected this in an addenda slip (Broadley, Jackman & Bauer 2014).
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Congo-Kinshasa, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique (incl. Bazaruto Archipelago [Benguerua]), Somalia, South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West Province, Northern Cape), Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Panaspis wilsoni

Sudan Snake-eyed Skink

Sudanisches Natternauge

Sudansk Brilleskink

1914 Ablepharus wilsoni Werner
Panaspis wilsoni Fuhn 1970
Afroablepharus wilsoni Greer 1974

Distribution: Sudan.