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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: December 31st, 2022.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Phoenicolacerta
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


Phoenician Lizards

Phönizische Felseidechsen

Fønikiske Klippefirben

2007 Phoenicolacerta Arnold, Arribas & Carranza (type species: Lacerta laevis Gray 1838)
Contents: 4 species, of which 1 (25.0%) is endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: The species of this genus were previously included in Lacerta (e.g.; Arnold 1989). Some authors prefer to regard it as a subgenus of Lacerta (e.g., Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008).
Distribution: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey.

Phoenicolacerta cyanisparsa

Syrian Rock Lizard

Syrische Felseidechse, Ma'alula-Eidechse

Syrisk Klippefirben

1999 Lacerta cyanisparsa Schmidtler & Bischoff
Phoenicolacerta cyanisparsa Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007

Distribution: Syria, Turkey.

Phoenicolacerta cyanisparsa
© Henrik Bringsøe

Phoenicolacerta kulzeri

Lebanese Rock Lizard, (Kulzer's Rock Lizard)

Libanesische Felseidechse

Libanesisk Klippefirben

1932 Lacerta kulzeri Müller & Wettstein
Lacerta danfordi kulzeri Müller & Wettstein 1933
Lacerta laevis kulzeri Eiselt & Schmidtler 1987
Lacerta kulzeri Bosch, Bischoff & Schmidtler 1998
Archaeolacerta kulzeri Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000
Phoenicolacerta kulzeri Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007
1999 Lacerta kulzeri petraea Bischoff & Müller
Phoenicolacerta kulzeri petraea Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007
2013 Phoenicolacerta kulzeri khazaliensis Modry, Necas, Rifai, Bischoff, Hamidan & Amr

Other common names:
khazaliensis: Wadi Ramm Rock Lizard
petraea: Petra Rock Lizard
Remarks: Bischoff & Schmidtler (1994) demonstrated that kulzeri and laevis are separate species, based on their sympatry in Syria.
Distribution: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria.

Phoenicolacerta laevis

Lebanese Smooth-scaled Lizard, Lebanon Lizard, Smooth Lizard, Swift Lizard



1838 Lacerta laevis Gray
Archaeolacerta laevis Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000
Phoenicolacerta laevis Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007
1877 Lacerta judaica Camerano (Bischoff & Schmidtler 1999)
Lacerta muralis judaica Müller 1882
1936 Lacerta laevis nigra Angel (Bischoff & Schmidtler 1999)

Remarks: Previously included kulzeri and troodica. Records from Cyprus refer to troodica.
Introduced to: Georgia.
Distribution: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey.

Phoenicolacerta troodica

Cyprus Rock Lizard, Troodos Lizard

Zypriotische Felseidechse

Cypriotisk Klippefirben

1995 Lacerta laevis troodica Budak & Göcmen
Lacerta troodica Tosunoglu, Göcmen, Taskavak & Budak 1999
Archaeolacerta troodica Sindaco, Venchi, Carpaneto & Bologna 2000
Phoenicolacerta troodica Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007

Distribution: Cyprus.

Phoenicolacerta troodica
© Henrik Bringsøe