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© Rune Midtgaard


Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Zootoca
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae








Genus
Zootoca

Viviparous Lizard

Waldeidechse, Bergeidechse

Skovfirben, Almindeligt Firben, Levendefødende Firben, Ungefødende Firben

1830 Zootoca Wagler (type species: Lacerta crocea Wolf 1805)
1851 Atropis Glückselig (type species: Lacerta nigra Wolf 1805; syn. Arnold, Arribas & Carranza 2007)
1868 Thalestris Gistel [not Thalestris Claus 1863] (type species: Lacerta nigra Wolf 1805; syn. Böhme (ed.) 1984 by implication)
1868 Tritonopsis Gistel [not Tritonopsis Conrad 1865] (type species: Lacerta nigra Wolf 1805; syn. Böhme (ed.) 1984 by implication)
Contents: 1 species, which is not endemic.
Endemism: 0% 100%
Remarks: Previously regarded as a synonym or subgenus of Lacerta. Revalidated as a separate genus by Mayer & Bischoff (1996). Some authors prefer to retain Zootoca as a subgenus of Lacerta (e.g., Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008).
Distribution: As for the single species.

Zootoca vivipara

Viviparous Lizard, European Common Lizard, Forest Lizard

Waldeidechse, Bergeidechse

Skovfirben, Almindeligt Firben, Levendefødende Firben, Ungefødende Firben

1785 Seps ? atra [suppressed] Schrank in Schrank & Moll (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1788 Lacertus cinereus [suppressed] Lacépède (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1804 Lacerta oedura [suppressed] Sheppard (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1805 Lacerta crocea [suppressed] Wolf in Sturm (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
Zootoca crocea Fitzinger 1832
1805 Lacerta montana [suppressed] Mikan in Sturm (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1805 Lacerta nigra [suppressed] Wolf in Sturm (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
Atropis nigra Glückselig 1851
1808 Lacerta fragilis [suppressed] Palmstruch & Schwartz (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1820 Lacerta unicolor [suppressed] Kuhl (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1820 Lacerta ptychodes [suppressed] Kuhl (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1820 Lacerta pyrrhogaster [suppressed] Merrem (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
Zootoca pyrrhogastra Tschudi 1827
1823 Lacerta vivipara Lichtenstein
Zootoca vivipara Wagler 1830
1829 Lacerta schreibersiana Milne-Edwards (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1832 Lacerta schreibersiana var. a. fusca Gachet (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1832 Lacerta schreibersiana var. b. lutea Gachet (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1832 Lacerta chrysogastra Andrzejowskij (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1835 Zootoca guérin Cocteau (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1835 Zootoca de jacquin Cocteau [substitute name for Lacerta vivipara Jacquin 1787] (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1837 Zootoca montana Tschudi (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1837 Zootoca alpina Tschudi (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1872 Lacerta vivipara var. pallida Fatio (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1897 Lacerta vivipara carniolica Werner (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
Zootoca vivipara carniolica Mayer, Böhme, Tiedemann & Bischoff 2000
1923 Lacerta vivipara var. gedulyi Fejerváryi (Schmidtler & Böhme 2011)
1963 Lacerta vivipara sachalinensis Pereljesin & Terentjev
1968 Lacerta vivipara pannonica Lác & Kluch
1992 Lacerta herseyi Austin (syn. The Reptile Database, viewed 2013 01 29)
2009 Zootoca vivipara louislantzi Arribas

Remarks: The first decriber of this species was previously believed to be Jacquin (1787), but Schmidtler & Böhme (2011) demonstrated that it is in fact Liechtenstein (1823). This discovery potentially endangered the stability of the name Lacerta vivipara which is conserved herein in the interest of taxonomic stability, following Schmidtler & Böhme (2011), in spite of the fact that several other names has nomenclatural priority over vivipara. Cornetti, Ficetola, Hoban & Vernesi (2015) suggested that carniolica might deserve status as a separate species, but made no formal taxonomic changes. Other authors have treated carniolica as a separate species (Rodriguez-Prieto, Giovine, Laddaga, Ghielmi & Cornetti 2017; Speybroeck & al. 2020).
Introduced to: New Zealand.
Distribution: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China (Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang), Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan (Hokkaido), Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Republic of Ireland, Romania, Russia (incl. Sakhalin Island), Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom (England, Isle of Man, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales).


Zootoca vivipara
© Rune Midtgaard