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Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. (www.repfocus.dk).
Latest update: November 9th, 2023.

Taxonomy of the family Lacertidae
Bibliography of the genus Ophisops
Biodiversity of the family Lacertidae


Snake-eyed Lizards, Indian Snake-eyed Lizards (Cabrita)



1832 Ophisops Menetries (type species: Ophisops elegans Menetries 1832)
1835 Amystes Wiegmann (type species: Amystes ehrenbergii Wiegmann 1835; syn. Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1838 Cabrita Gray (type species: Cabrita brunnea Gray 1838; syn. Arnold 1989)
1839 Calosaura Dumeril & Bibron (type species: Lacerta leschenaultii Milne-Edwards 1829; syn. Arnold 1989)
1870 Cabritopsis Beddome (type species: Cabrita jerdonii Beddome 1870; syn. Arnold 1989)
1870 Gymnops Blanford [not Gymnops Spix 1824; not Gymnops Cuvier] (type species: Ophiops microlepis Blanford 1870; syn. Arnold 1989)
1870 Pseudophiops Jerdon (type species: Pseudophiops theobaldi Jerdon 1870; syn. Boulenger 1921)
1873 Chondrophiops Blanford [substitute name for Gymnops Blanford 1870] (Boulenger 1921)
Contents: 11 species, of which 5 (45.5%) are endemic.
Remarks: Arnold (1989) synonymized Cabrita with Ophisops. Since the name jerdonii was preoccupied by Ophisops jerdonii (Blyth 1853), a new name was necessary for Cabrita jerdonii Beddome 1870. Arnold (1989) proposed Ophisops nictans, but overlooked that another name, Cabrita jerdonii minor Deraniyagala 1971, was already available. Thus, Ophisops minor is the correct name for the species formerly known as Cabrita jerdonii (see Böhme & Bischoff 1991).
Distribution: N. Africa, SE. Europe, Middle East,
Reported from: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt (incl. Sinai), Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (incl. European Turkey), Yemen.

Ophisops agarwali

Dahod Snake-eyed Lizard, (Agarwal's Snake-eyed Lizard)



2020 Ophisops agarwali Patel & Vyas

Distribution: India (Gujarat).

Ophisops beddomii

Kerala Snake-eyed Lizard, (Beddom's Snake-eyed Lizard)



1870 Pseudophiops beddomei Jerdon
Ophiops beddomei Stoliczka 1872
1870 Pseudophiops monticola Beddome (Smith 1935)

Distribution: India (Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu).

Ophisops elbaensis

Mount Elba Snake-eyed Lizard



1957 Ophisops elbaensis Schmidt & Marx

Remarks: Welch (1982) stated the distribution of the species to be Sudan, undoubtedly a mistake based on the fact that the type locality of elbaensis is Jabal Elba (Mount Elba) in the Sudan-administered extreme southeastern Egypt.
Distribution: Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

Ophisops elegans

Elegant Snake-eyed Lizard, European Snake-eyed Lizard, Smooth Spectacled Lizard, (Ménétriés' Lizard)

Europäische Schlangenaugen-Eidechse

Europæisk Slangeøjefirben

1832 Ophisops elegans Menetries
1835 Amystes ehrenbergii Wiegmann (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Ophiops elegans ehrenbergii Boulenger 1918
1838 ? Algira punctata Gray (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1842 Ophiops macrodactylus Berthold (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus Bischoff 1991
1872 Gymnops meizolepis Stoliczka (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Ophiops meizolepis Blanford 1876
Ophiops elegans meizolepis Boulenger 1918
1880 Ophiops schlueteri Boettger (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Ophiops elegans schlueteri Boulenger 1888
1918 Ophiops elegans persicus Boulenger
1939 Ophisops blanfordi Schmidt (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
Ophisops elegans blanfordi Bischoff 1991
1944 Ophisops elegans centralanatoliae Bodenheimer (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
1978 Ophisops elegans basoglui Baran & Budak (Böhme (ed.) 1981)
2017 Ophisops elegans budakibarani Tok, Afsar, Yakin, Ayaz & Cicek

Remarks: Previously included occidentalis. Not mentioned for Saudi Arabia by Aloufi, Amr, Baker & Hamidan (2019). Not mentioned for Algeria by Beddek (2017) or by Rouag & Ziane (2023).
Distribution: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt (Sinai), Georgia, Greece (incl. Aegean Islands [incl. Dodecanese Islands (incl. Rhodes)]), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey (incl. European Turkey).

Ophisops elegans
© Rune Midtgaard

Ophisops jerdonii

Punjab Snake-eyed Lizard, Rugose Snake-eyed Lizard, Golden-striped Snake-eyed Lizard, Striped Racerunner



1853 Ophiops jerdonii Blyth
Tropidosaura jerdoni Theobald 1868
Pseudophiops jerdoni Jerdon 1870
1870 Ophiops bivittata Jerdon (Smith 1935)
1870 Pseudophiops theobaldi Jerdon (Smith 1935)
1884 Calosaura chaperi Sauvage (Smith 1935)
Cabrita chaperi Boulenger 1887

Distribution: Afghanistan, India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand), Pakistan.

Ophisops kutchensis

Kutch Snake-eyed Lizard, Kutch Small-scaled Snake-eye



2018 Ophiops kutchensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of microlepis.
Distribution: India (Gujarat).

Ophisops leschenaultii

Peninsular Snake-eyed Lizard, (Peninsular Golden Cabrita, Leschenault's Snake-eyed Lizard)

Indische Schlangenaugen-Eidechse

Indisk Slangeøjefirben

1829 Lacerta leschenaultii Milne-Edwards
Calosaura leschenaultii Duméril & Bibron 1839
Cabrita leschenaultii Gray 1845
Ophisops leschenaultii Arnold 1989
1838 Cabrita brunnea Gray (Smith 1935)
1953 Cabrita leschenaultii lankae Deraniyagala (Deraniyagala 1953)

Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana), Sri Lanka.

Ophisops microlepis

Small-scaled Snake-eyed Lizard, (Cutch Snake-eyed Lizard)

Kleinschuppige Schlangenaugen-Eidechse

Finskællet Slangeøjefirben

1870 Ophiops microlepis Blanford
Gymnops microlepis Stoliczka 1872

Remarks: Previously included the populations now assigned to kutchensis and pushkarensis (Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri 2018). As now defined, microlepis has currently been confirmed only for Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. Older records of "microlepis" from "Bihar" (actually refers to Jharkhand), Gujarat, and Rajasthan are of uncertain taxonomic status, and the Gujarat and Rajasthan records are likely to refer to kutchensis and pushkarensis, respectively, but this needs verification (Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri 2018).
Distribution: India (Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh).

Ophisops minor

Lesser Snake-eyed Lizard, (Indian Golden Cabrita)

Kleine Schlangenaugen-Eidechse

Lille Slangeøjefirben

1971 Cabrita jerdonii minor Deraniyagala
Ophisops minor Böhme & Bischoff 1991
1989 Ophisops nictans Arnold (Böhme & Bischoff 1991)
Ophisops minor nictans Böhme & Bischoff 1991

Remarks: See under genus.
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh), Sri Lanka.

Ophisops occidentalis

North African Snake-eyed Lizard, Western Snake-eyed Lizard, Mograbin Snake-eyed Lizard

Westliche Schlangenaugen-Eidechse

Nordvestafrikansk Slangeøjefirben

1887 Ophiops occidentalis Boulenger
Ophisops elegans occidentalis Welch 1982

Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.

Ophisops pushkarensis

Pushkar Snake-eyed Lizard, Pushkar Small-scaled Snake-eye



2018 Ophiops pushkarensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri

Remarks: Previously regarded as populations of microlepis.
Distribution: India (Gujarat, Rajasthan).