Reptiles of
Greek mainland  (excl. Peloponnese and all Greek islands)

Related checklists:  Greece (incl. Peloponnese and all Greek islands)

Bibliography of the reptiles of Greek mainland Taxonomic history of the reptiles of Greek mainland Introduced species
Home - Taxonomy - Geography - Biodiversity - Literature - Purchase RepFocus Recent updates
Citation: Midtgaard, Rune. RepFocus - A Survey of the Reptiles of the World. www.repfocus.dk (Compilation date: 14th April, 2023).

Checklist
General remarks: The list includes only formally described species. Newly discovered, but still unnamed species are excluded. However, unnamed species or species unassigned to species level are included, if they are the only representatives of their genus in the region. Species counts exclude extinct and introduced species. Doubtful records, typically older voucher specimens of uncertain origin, have been excluded if considered questionable, as are records based on sources considered unreliable or controversial.
Note: Your comments to the checklist (omissions, errors, etc.) are welcomed, preferably if they are provided with reliable references. If possible, please attach a pdf file of the relevant reference to an email addressed to:
Lizards (Sauria)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Anguidae (Slowworms, etc.)
Genus Anguis (Slowworms)
 
Anguis cephallonica

Peloponnese Slowworm

Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008
 
Anguis fragilis

Western European Slowworm

Gvozdik, Benkovsky, Crottini, Bellati, Moravec, Romano, Sacchi & Jandzik 2013 Gvozdik, Jandzik, Lymberakis, Jablonski & Moravec 2010
 
Anguis graeca

Greek Slowworm

Chondropoulos 1986 [as fragilis colchicus] Gvozdik, Benkovsky, Crottini, Bellati, Moravec, Romano, Sacchi & Jandzik 2013 Gvozdik, Jandzik, Lymberakis, Jablonski & Moravec 2010 Thanou, Giokas & Kornilios 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as fragilis colchicus]
Genus Pseudopus (Eurasian Glass Lizard)
 
Pseudopus apodus

Eurasian Glass Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Gekkonidae (Typical Geckos)
Genus Hemidactylus (Half-toed Geckos)
 
Hemidactylus turcicus

Turkish Half-toed Gecko

Chondropoulos 1986 Salvador in Boehme (ed.) 1981 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Mediodactylus (Mediterranean Bent-toed Geckos)
 
Mediodactylus danilewskii

Northern Bent-toed Gecko

Chondropoulos 1986
 
Mediodactylus kotschyi

Balkan Bent-toed Gecko

Beutler in Boehme (ed.) 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Lacertidae (Typical Lizards)
Genus Algyroides (Keeled Lizards)
 
Algyroides moreoticus

Greek Keeled Lizard

Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008
 
Algyroides nigropunctatus

Blue-throated Keeled Lizard

Andriopoulos & Pafilis 2016 Bischoff in Boehme (ed.) 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Darevskia (Caucasian Rock Lizards)
 
Darevskia hungarica

Balkan Meadow Lizard

Sindaco & Jeremchenko 2008 [as praticola] Sos, Kecskes, Hegyeli & Marosi 2012 [as pontica] Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 [as praticola] Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 [as pontica]
Genus Lacerta (Eurasian Green Lizards)
 
Lacerta agilis

Northern Eurasian Sand Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta bilineata

Western Green Lizard

Boehme, Fritz, Kotenko, Dzukic, Ljubisavljevic, Tzankov & Berendonk 2007 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta diplochondrodes

Eastern Balkan Green Lizard

Kornilios, Thanou, Lymberakis, Ilgaz, Kumlutas & Leache 2020 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta trilineata

Western Balkan Green Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Kornilios, Thanou, Lymberakis, Ilgaz, Kumlutas & Leache 2020 Nettmann & Rykena in Boehme (ed.) 1984 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Lacerta viridis

Eastern Green Lizard

Boehme, Fritz, Kotenko, Dzukic, Ljubisavljevic, Tzankov & Berendonk 2007 Chondropoulos 1986 Marzahn, Mayer, Joger, Ilgaz, Jablonski, Kindler, Kumlutas, Nistri, Schneewiess, Vamberger, Zagar & Fritz 2015 Nettmann & Rykena in Boehme (ed.) 1984 Sagonas, Poulakakis, Lymberakis, Parmakelis, Pafilis & Valakos 2014 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Ophisops (Snake-eyed Lizards)
 
Ophisops elegans

Elegant Snake-eyed Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Podarcis (Wall Lizards)
 
Podarcis erhardii

Aegean Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Gruber in Boehme (ed.) 1986 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis ionicus

Ionian Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Kabisch in Boehme (ed.) 1986 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis muralis

Common European Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Gruschwitz & Boehme in Boehme (ed.) 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Podarcis peloponnesiacus

Peloponnese Wall Lizard

Hedman, Kapsalas, Karameta, Psonis, Poulakakis, Foufopoulos & Pafilis 2017
 
Podarcis tauricus

Balkan Wall Lizard

Chondropoulos 1986 Kabisch in Boehme (ed.) 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Zootoca (Eurasian Forest Lizards)
 
Zootoca vivipara

Viviparous Lizard

Strachinis, Karagianni, Stanchev & Stanchev 2019
 Family Scincidae (Skinks)
Genus Ablepharus (Eurasian Snake-eyed Skinks)
 
Ablepharus kitaibelii

European Snake-eyed Skink

Chondropoulos 1986 Skourtanioti, Kapli, Ilgaz, Kumlutas, Avci, Ahmadzadeh, Crnobrnja-Isailovic, Ghergel, Lymberakis & Poulakakis 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Chalcides (Cylindrical Skinks)
 
Chalcides ocellatus

Mediterranean Ocellated Skink

Chondropoulos 1986 Schneider in Boehme (ed.) 1981 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Ophiomorus (South West Asian Snake Skinks)
 
Ophiomorus punctatissimus

Greek Snake Skink

Bischoff in Boehme (ed.) 1981 Chondropoulos 1986 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008

Snakes (Serpentes)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Boidae (Typical Boas)
Genus Eryx (Sand Boas)
 
Eryx jaculus

Western Sand Boa

Chondropoulos 1989 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Tokar & Obst in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Colubridae (Typical Snakes or Colubrids)
Genus Coronella (Palearctic Smooth Snakes)
 
Coronella austriaca

Northern Smooth Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Engelmann in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Jablonski, Nagy, Avci, Olgun, Kukushkin, Safaei-Mahroo & Jandzik 2019 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Dolichophis (Greater Whip Snakes)
 
Dolichophis caspius

Caspian Whip Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Nagy, Bellaagh, Wink, Paunovic & Korsos 2010 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Eirenis (Middle Eastern Dwarf Snakes)
 
Eirenis modestus

Ring-headed Dwarf Snake

Mahlow, Tillack, Schmidtler & Muller 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Elaphe (Palearctic-Oriental Rat Snakes)
 
Elaphe quatuorlineata

Western Four-lined Rat Snake

Boehme & Szczerbak in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Schulz 1996 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Elaphe sauromates

Sarmatian Rat Snake

Boehme & Szczerbak in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Schulz 1996 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Hierophis (Eurasian Whip Snakes)
 
Hierophis gemonensis

Balkan Whip Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Henle in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Natrix (Eurasian Keelbacks)
 
Natrix natrix

Common European Grass Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Kabisch in Boehme (ed.) 1999 Kindler, Boehme, Corti, Gvozdik, Jablonski, Jandzik, Metallinou, Siroky & Fritz 2013 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Natrix tessellata

Dice Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Gruschwitz, Lenz, Mebert & Lanka in Boehme (ed.) 1999 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Platyceps (Flat-headed Whip Snakes)
 
Platyceps najadum

European Slender Whip Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Darevsky & Szczerbak in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Telescopus (Afro-Asian Cat Snakes)
 
Telescopus fallax

European Cat Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Grillitsch & Grillitsch in Boehme (ed.) 1999 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Zamenis (Western Palearctic Rat Snakes)
 
Zamenis longissimus

Common Aesculapian Snake

Boehme in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Chondropoulos 1989 Nilson & Andren 1984 Schulz 1996 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Zamenis situla

Leopard Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Obst, Szczerbak & Boehme in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Schulz 1996 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Lamprophiidae (House Snakes, etc.)
Genus Malpolon (Montpellier Snakes)
 
Malpolon insignitus

Eastern Montpellier Snake

Carranza, Arnold & Pleguezuelos 2006 Chondropoulos 1989 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Typhlopidae (Typical Blind Snakes)
Genus Xerotyphlops (Desert Blind Snakes)
 
Xerotyphlops vermicularis

European Worm Snake

Chondropoulos 1989 Grillitsch & Grillitsch in Boehme (ed.) 1993 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Viperidae (Vipers)
Genus Montivipera (Middle East Mountain Vipers)
 
Montivipera xanthina

Ottoman Viper

Cattaneo 2017 Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Joger & Nilson in Joger & Stumpel 2005 McDiarmid, Campbell & Toure 1999 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
Genus Vipera (Typical Vipers or Adders)
 
Vipera ammodytes

European Nose-horned Viper

Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Heckes, Gruber & Stumpel in Joger & Stumpel 2005 McDiarmid, Campbell & Toure 1999 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Ursenbacher, Schweiger, Tomovic, Crnobrnja-Isailovic, Fumagalli & Mayer 2008 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Vipera berus

Northern Eurasian Viper

Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Nilson, Andren & Voelkl in Joger & Stumpel 2005 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Vipera graeca

Greek Meadow Viper

Chondropoulos 1989 David & Vogel 2010 Dely & Joger in Joger & Stumpel 2005 Nilson & Andren 1988 Nilson & Andren 2001 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008

Turtles (Testudines)
= endemicEX = extinct or assumed extinct

Species
References
 Family Cheloniidae (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles)
Genus Caretta (Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
 
Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

Gramentz in Fritz (ed.) 2005 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016
 Family Emydidae (Western Pond Turtles)
Genus Emys (European Pond Turtles)
 
Emys orbicularis

Common European Pond Turtle

Fritz in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 Family Geoemydidae (Eastern Pond Turtles)
Genus Mauremys (Stripe-necked Turtles)
 
Mauremys rivulata

Balkan Pond Turtle

Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008 Wischuf & Busack in Fritz (ed.) 2001
 Family Testudinidae (Tortoises)
Genus Testudo (Palearctic Tortoises)
 
Testudo graeca

Spur-thighed Tortoise

Buskirk, Keller & Andreu in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Testudo hermanni

Greek Tortoise

Cheylan in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008
 
Testudo marginata

Marginated Tortoise

Bringsoee, Buskirk & Willemsen in Fritz (ed.) 2001 Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok & Voort 2016 Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou & Foufopoulos 2008